Psychology Chapter 1 Vocabulary

lojobala's version from 2016-01-13 00:55


Question Answer
PsychoanalysisSchool of thought founded by Sigmund Freud that emphasises the importance of unconscious motives and internal conflicts in determining human behaviour.
Psychodynamic ThinkingFreud's Theory; Most of what exists in an individuals mind is unconscious and consists of conflicting impulses, urges, and wishes.
Biological PerspectivePerspective that emphasises the influence of biology on our behaviour; has roots in associationism.
Evolutionary PerspectivePerspective that focuses on the evolution of behaviour and mental processes.
Cognitive Perspective Perspective that emphasises the role that thought splay in determining behaviour.
Humanistic PerspectivePerspective that stresses the human capacity for self-fulfillment and the importance of consciousness , self-awareness, and the capacity to make choices.
Psychoanalytic PerspectivePerspective that stresses the influence of unconscious forces on human behaviour.
Learning PerspectivePerspective that emphasises the effects of experience on behaviour.
Social-Learning TheoryTheory that suggests that people can change their environments or create new ones; also holds that people can learn intentionally by observing others.
Sociocultural Perspective Perspective that studies the influences of ethnicity,gender,culture, and socioeconomic status on behaviour and mental processes.
Ethnic GroupGroup of people united by their cultural heritage,race,language or common history.
Gestalt PsychologyPsychology that bases its study on the idea that perceptions are more than the sums of their parts and instead are wholes that give shape, or meaning, to the parts.
BehaviourismSchool of psychology, founded by John Watson, that defines psychology as the scientific study of observable behaviour.
Psychological ConstructsTheoretical entities, or concepts, that enable one to discuss something that cannot be seen, touched, or measured directly.
PsychologyScientific study of behaviour and mental processes.
Functionalism School of psychology, founded by William James, that emphasises the purposes of behaviour and mental processes.
AssociationismA learned connection between two ideas or events
StructuralismSchool of psychology, founded by Wilhelm Wundt, that maintains that conscious experience breaks down into objective sensations and subjective feelings.
BehaviourAny action that other people can observe or measure.
Cognitive Activities Mental processes
TheoryA statement that attempts to explain why things are the way they are and happen the way they do.
Principle A rule or law
Basic ResearchResearch that has no immediate application and is done for its own sake.
IntrospectionMethod of learning in which we learn much about ourselves by carefully examining our thoughts and feelings; looking within.

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