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Psychological Disorders

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jopeharo's version from 2016-06-17 05:27

Mental Health

Question Answer
General anxiety disorder + symptomsDefinition: a feeling of dread or uncomfortable anticipation with physical, psychological, behavioral and cognitive features
Symptoms: dizziness, SOB, sweating, nausea, palpitation
Mental HealthA state of wellbeing which a person realizes his/her own potential, being able to cope with normal stresses in life, can work productively and fruitfully, and also being able to make contribution to his/ her own community.
Mental IllnessA clinical recognizable set of symptoms or behaviours associated in most cases with distress, and with interference with personal functions
Depression (Mention 5 of them)depressed mood, self- harm thought, disturbed sleep, appetite or libido, feeling guilt or worthlessness, reduced self-esteem or confidence, lack of enjoyment in life
Mania (Mention 5 of them)irritable, expansive mood, overactivity, lack of sleep, pressured speech, decreased impulse control
Common types of disability associated with mental illnessThinking process, social interaction with others, managing emotions, Organise/ planning for study & work, impact on physical conditions/ side effects of medications
MSE definition + componentsDefinition: therapeutic intervention with mental health clients and patients
Components: Appearance & behavioural, mood, affect, thought form, thought content, perception, cognition, speech, insight & judgement
Nursing intervention for anxietyRemain relaxed and have an open, compassionate demeanour + Panic attack (stay with the person, deep breath of the nurses and starts talking to the person in short sentenses, encourage the person to breath and out slowly, reassurance, provide safe and quiet environment)
What is mood?emotional state that influences personality and life functioning
Mood disorderinterfere with a person's ability to carry on their normal work, relationship and study --> self- esteem, occupations, and relationship altered
Depression (Mood/ affect)anxiety, low self- esteem and confidence, loneliness, sadness, hopelessness, helplessness, feeling worthlessness
Depression (Physiological)Loss weight, fatigue, sleep disturbance, headache, dizziness, nausea and vomiting
Depression (Cognitive)Self- harm thought, self- blame, confusion, poor concentration
Depression (Behavioural)Drug, alcohol, cigarette additons, social isolation, altered in activity level
Bipolar DisorderEpisodes of mania + Episode of depression
Difference bipolar 1 & bipolar 2Bipolar 1: more mania + less depression
Bipolar 2: less mania + more depression
Bipolar Disorder (Appearance)Colourful clothing, excessive makeup, dishevelled, Malodorous
Bipolar Disorder (Mood/ Affect)irritability, inflated self- esteem, lack of shame/ guilt
Bipolar Disorder (Physiological)dehydration, weight loss, lack of sleep
Bipolar Disorder (Cognitive)Ambitiousness, Distractibility, lack of judgment, loose association
Bipolar Disorder (Behavioural)Hyperactivity, Increased motor activity, poor personal grooming, increased social & sexual activities
Substance Usedepressant, hallucinogens, stimulants
Nursing Intervention (4 relevant tasks)Know relevant knowledge, Ask the right questions, Observe signs & symptoms, Interpret relevant pathology
Nursing Skills (SUD)Let others know that you are dealing with intoxicated patient, maintain clamness and attentiveness, speak slowly, use short sentences, use simple words, avoid challenging the patient's SE
Phychotic disordersabnormalities in one or more of the 4 following domains: delusion, hallucinations, disorganised thinking, abnormal motor behavioural, negative symptoms
Symptoms of psychotic disorder is developing (examples)change in emotions + motivation, change in affect + behaviour, change in thinking + perception
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