Psych Test 2

vamatoje's version from 2015-10-19 15:15

Section 1

Question Answer
ablationremoval of brain tissues to study the brains’ behavioral changes
amygdalaassociated with fear, expression of emotional feelings.
temporal lobesauditory information is received here.
hypothalamusinfluences secretions by the pituitary gland (releases hormones that influence behavior). Controls hunger and other homeostatic systems.
aphasiabrain injuries may produce an impairment in language use.
mindfulnessa mental state achieved by focusing one's awareness on the present moment.
fMRItechnique to measure brain activity by detecting changes with blood flow
dopamineinfluences movement, learning, attention and emotion
serotonininfluences mood, hunger, sleep and arousal.
neural transmissionneurons are activated by pressure, heat, light, etc. to transmit information and are sent through the nervous system

Section 2

Question Answer
brain plasticitythe ability for the brain to adapt to environment and usually deteriorates with age.
localization of functiondifferent areas of the brain control different things.
Phineas Gagedamaged his left frontal lobe from tampering iron. Caused him to go from responsible, well liked and hardworking to irresponsible, crude an unable to hold a job.
Broca's aphasiacaused by a stroke. Damages the frontal lobe, which is associated with parts of speech. Broca's patients have limited speech, decent comprehension and usually are weak on the right side of their body.
Wernicke's aphasia.caused by a stroke. Damages the temporal lobe, which is associated with hearing and language. Wernicke's patients speak fluently, but with no info purpose and cannot comprehend.
fMRItechnique to measure brain activity by detecting changes with blood flow
PET scanimaging technique used to locate disease in the body. Uses a radioactive substance called a tracer to help locate disease. Also helps with locating brain activity.
EEGUsed to detect abnormalities in the brain.

Section 3

Question Answer
Frontal lobelocated at the front of the brain. Associated emotions and reasoning.
Pariental lobeLocated behind frontal lobe, atop temporal lobe at the back of the brain. Associated with nerve impulses (senses) as well as language function.
Temporal lobeLocated on both sides of brain above ears. Associated with hearing and memory.
Occipital lobeLocated at the back of the brain. Associated with object recognition and vision.