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Psych Review

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Updated 2007-05-10 22:55

Psycology 100 Rempala Section 1 Final Review

This is for the "symptom" and "disorder" matching section of the non-cumulative portion of the exam.

Symptom-Disorder Matching

SymptomsDisorder
Schizophreniapersistent disorder characterized by disorganized thoughts & behavior, delusions, and hallucinations (flat affect, catatonia)
Paranoid Schizophreniatype marked by feelings of persecution characterized by over sized ventricles and under active prefrontal cortex
Dissociative DisorderCharacterized by a split in one's sense of self affecting memmory identity, and body control.
DisIdentity Disorderwhen some one has two or more distinct personalities controlling his/her behavior, original personality rarely aware of others. More common in women and highly correlated with childhood sexual abuse.
Competing TheorySays DisIdentity Disorder is a legit way to manifest other psychological problems. Treated with psychotherapy to integrate personalities.
Neurosismaladaptive thoughts created by unconscious conflict
psychosesfundamentally altered perception of reality
memorize

Symptom-Disorder Matching 2

SymptomsDisorder
anxiety disorderbased on excessive irrational fear (from situation, frequency, duration, & intensity of experience)
Generalized Anxiety Disordera constant low grade fear that something bad is about to happen (assoc. w/ fatigue, insomnia, and other disorders)
Panic Disordercharacterized by sudden panic attacks & fear or future panic attacks
social phobiasperformance anxiety
agoraphobiafear of open places or places where escape is difficult
specific phobiasfear of specific objects or situations
somatoform disordersphysical problems with no overt biological cause
somatization disorderchronic non-visible physical symptoms
conversion disorderprocess of converting anxiety into physical symptoms (usually involved visible symptoms (paralysis vomiting brought by stressor))
mood disordera persistent state of emotional disturbance that affects a person's daily functions (uni-polar - single persistent mood state)
Bipolar Disordercharacterized by mood swings, fluctuations from mania to depression
Major Depressive disordercharacterized by prolonged period of severe depression
Dysthymic disorderchronic moderate depression
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)seasonal depression usually caused by lack of sunlight (treated with phototherapy)
Personality Disorderpersistent maladaptive traits that impair ones personal or social life (marked by inability to gain or maintain personal relationships)
Antisocial Personality Disorderhurting w/ out remorese (assoc with aggressive and sexually abused children)
memorize

Types of therapies

Type of TherapyCourse of Treatment/Characteristics
psychiatristMD degree can prescribe drugs
psychologistPHD degree cant prescribe drugs - generally have more client interaction experience
Insight Therapy (psychoanalysis)Therapist talks with client and tries to find source of problems. Therapies are free flowing and involve mostly client talking and therapist asking questions.
memorize

Approaches to study abnormal behaviros

ApproachAttributes
Medical Approachbelief that something is chemically wrong with mind/body & can be treated with drugs (medical disorders tend to run in families)
Cognitive Behavior Approachsomething is wrong with the persons current cognitive process or behavior (diagnosis = clinical interview or personality tests)
Psychoanalytic Approachrepressed conflicts from the past cause mental disorders (same diagnosis techniques as cognitive behavior)
Clinical Diagnosisdetermined through a combo of diagnostic methods (symptoms matched with existing categorization) uses DSMIVTR?
memorize