Psych Exam 2

michelleburkee2's version from 2015-10-26 03:49

Section 1

Question Answer
a negative mood state characterized by bodily symptoms of physical tension and apprehension about the futureanxiety
3 dimensions of anxietysaying/thinking, behavioral responses, and what your body is doing
anxiety is a multidimensional expierence
what is the most prevelant mental disorder?****anxiety****
anxiety can be linked withphysical disorders
Diathesis stress modelyou inherit vulnerabilities for anxiety and panic not disorders. stress activates the vulnerability
anxiety has a high rate ofcomorbitity with other disorders. the most common is depression

Section 2

Question Answer
how long does generalized panic disorder last6 months or more. happens more days than no
defining features of generalized anxiety disorderexcessive uncontrollable anxious apprehension coupled with strong persistant anxiety. muscle tension,fatigue, and irritability.
in generalized anxiety disorder, ppl fail toprocess emotional component
what runs in the familytendency to be anxious
males or females higher prevelance rate for generalized anxiety disorder?females
when is onset of generalized anxiety disorder?early adulthood
treatment of generalized anxiety disorderantidepressants and benzodiazepines; meditation and cognitive behaviorial treatments
anxiety or worry about having a panic attackpanic disorder
anxiety about being embarressed in publicphobic disorder (social phobia)
how long do panic attacks last10 mins
defining features of panic attackunexpected panic attack; agorophobia (avoidance of situations in whih attacks occured); anxiety worry or fear about having another attack
how long does panic disorder last1 month or more
male or females higher prevelance?+++females++++
onset of panic disorder age20-24
agoraphobiafear or avoidance of situations/events in which attacks occured
what DSM lists agoraphobia as its own disorder and why?DSM5. and because some ppl expierence agoraphobia without panic.
treatment of panic disorderprozac and paxil; cognitive behaviorial therapy.
what is the best treatment of panic disordercognitive behaviorial therapy alone
defining features of phobia disorderpersistant fear that is excessive and unreasonable
duration of phobia disorderfor ppl under 18 atleast 6 months
OCD was added in what DSM?DSM 5
OCD used to be categorized under what kind of disorders and now what is it categorized underanxiety disorder and now is categorized under obsessive compulsive and related disorders
obsessive compulsive and related disorders arehoarding, skin picking, body dsymorphic disorder, hair pulling and OCD
meedication treatment for OCDclomipramine and other SSRIs
what is the best treatment for OCDcognitive behaviorial treatment involving exposure and response prevention
who did the use of virtual reality in treatment of acrophobia and what was itRalph Lamsen. use of virtual reality

Section 3

Question Answer
bulimiabinge eating and purging or excercise excessively or fast
what id the most common sutype of bulimiapurging subtype
what is the less common subtype of bulimiaexcessive excercise or fasting
comorbidity in bulimiawith anxiety mood and substance abuse
weight type of ppl with bulimianormal weight
15% below normal body weightanorexia
subtypes of anorexiarestricting subtype (limit calorie intake) and binge purge subtype
annorexia high comorbidity withOCD
majority of those with eating disorders arefemale
onset of bulimia16 to 19 years old
onset of annorexia13 or early adolescence
which eating disorder is more chronic and resistant to treatment?anorexia
medical treatment of bulimiaanti depressants help reduce binging and purging but not effective in long run. cognitive behavioral therapy and interpersonal therapy
medical treatment if anorexiano medicine helps; weight restoration, psychoeducation, behaviorial and cognitive treaments, often needs to involved family, long term treatment
triggers of bulimiaanxiety, depression, self hatred and anger
interpersonal problems with bulimialow self esteem, problems at work, family etc.
low levels of what can cause bulimiaserotonin

Section 4

Question Answer
major depression characteristicsdepressed mood lasting atleast 2 weeks at a time; feeling worthless or indescisive; anhedonia (loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities, more commonly has recurrent episodes
duration of major depression4-9months
anhedonialoss of interest/ pleasure in usual activities
dysthymis (persistent depressive disorder) characteristicsmilder symptoms od depression than major depression
duration of dysthymiaat least 2 years
onset of dysthymiaearly 20s
what usually develops first in double depression?dysthymic disorders
defining features of double depressiondysthymis disorders and major depressive episodes
in double depression disorder many do not recover after2 years
high reaccurance rates in double depression ifdysthymia is left untreated
SIG E CAPS of key elements of depressionsleep, interest, guilt, energy (loss of), concentration (not good), appetite changes, psychomotor activity is low, and suicidal thoughrs
Bipolar I disorder key characteristicsalternating full major depressive episodes and manic episodes; chronic
is suicide common in Bipolar I disorder?yes
onset of bipolar I disorder18 years old
manic episodesa distinct period of abnormally elevated or irritated mood lasting atleast 1 week.
Bipolar II disorder characteristicsmajor depressive and hypomanic; chronic
onset of bipolar II disorder22 years old
mood disorders are related to low levels ofserotonin
a lot of ppl with mood disorders havesleep disturbance
treatment of mood disorderstricyclic medications that block reuptake of norepinephrine and neurotransmitters and monoamine oxidase inhibitors that inhibits MAO from breaking down serotonin and SSRIs
when do u know if medications are workingbetween 2-8 weeks
more effective meds in mood disorderMAO inhibitors
when taking mao inhibitors you must avoidfoods containing tryamine i.e. beer, red wine and cheese
what are SSRIstreatment for mood disorders that blocks reuptake of serotonin (prozac)
primary drug of choice for bipolar disorderlithium
cyclothymic disorder descriptionmore chronic than bipolar disorder; manic or depressive moods persist for long periods. manic and major depressive episodes are less severe.
duration of cyclothymic disorder2 years for adults; 1 year for children
onset for cyclothymic disorder12-14 years old
if you have cyclothymic disorder you have a high risk of developingbipolar I or bipolar II
which mood disorder has the highest life time prevelancemajor depression
bipolar disorder effects males or females moreboth the same
males or females are more likely to suffer with major depressionfemales

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