Psych Ch.10

cc0763's version from 2016-01-21 22:27

Section 1

Question Answer
Attributionthe process of explaining one's own behavior and the behavior of others
AttitudeA tendency to respond positively or negatively toward a certain person,object ,idea or situation
Acculturative Stressstress resulting from the need to change and adapt a person's ways to the majority culture
Attribution Theory the theory of how people make attributions
Confromitychanging one's own behavior to match that of other people
Bystander Effectreferring the effect that the presence of other peoples has on the decision to help or not help, with hep becoming less likely as the number of bystanders increases
Altruismprosocail behavior that is done with no expectation of reward and may involve the risk of harm to oneself
Aggressionbehavior intended to hurt or destroy another person
Compliancechanging one's behavior as a result of other people directing or asking for the change
Consumer Psychology branch of psychology that studies the habits of consumers in the marketplace

Section 2

Question Answer
Cognitive DissonanceSense of discomfort or distress that occurs when a person's behavior does not correspond to that person's attitudes
Central-Route Processing type of information processing that involves attending to the content of the message itself
Discrimination treating people differently because of prejudice toward the social group to which they belong
Compassionate Lovetype of love consisting of intimacy and commitment
Door-in-the-face Techniqueasking for a large commitment and being refused and then asking for a smaller commitment
Dispositional Causecause of behavior attributed to internal factors such as personality or character
Foot-in-the-door-techniqueasking for a a small commitment and, after gaining compliance, asking for a bigger conmmitment
Equal Status Contactcontact between groups in which the groups have equal statues with neither group having power over the other
Elaboration Likelihood ModelModel of persuasion that people will eithier elaborate on the persuasive message or fail to elaborate on it and that the future actions of those who do elaborate are more predictable than those who do not
Diffusion of Responisbilityoccurring when a person fails to take responsibility fro actions or for inaction because of the presence of other people who are seen to share the responsibility

Section 3

Question Answer
Interpersonal Attraction liking or having the desire for a relationship with another person
In-groups social groups with whom a person identifies; "us"
Groupthink kind of thinking that occurs when people place more importance on maintaining group cohesiveness than on assessing the facts of the problem with which the group is concerned
Fundamental Attribution Errorthe tendency to overestimate the influence of internal factors determining behavior while underestimating situational factors
Lowball technique getting a commitments from a person and then raising the cost of that commitment
Jigsaw Classroomeducational technique in which each individual is given only part of the information needed to solve a problem, causing the separate individuals to be forced to work together to find the solution
Impression Formationthe forming of the first knowledge that a person has concerning another person
Implicit Personality Theory sets of assuming about how different types of [people,personality traits, and actions are related to each other
Out-Groups social groups with whom a person does not identify; "them"
Obedience changing one's behavior at the command of an authority figure

Section 4

Question Answer
persuasionthe process by which one person tries to change the belief,opinion, position, or course of action of another person through argument,pleading, or explanation
peripheral-route processingtype of infromation processing that involves attednig to factors not involved in trhe message such as the appearance of the source of the message, the length of the message and other noncontant factors
proximitythe tendency to perceive objects that are close to each other as part of the same grouping
prejudicenegative attitude held by a person about the members of a particular social group
romantic lovetype of love consisting of intimacy and passion
pro-social behaviorsocially desirable behavior that benefits others
social psychology the scientific study of how a persons thoughts, feelings and behavior are influenced by the real, imagined or implied presence of others
situational cause cause of behavior attributed to external factors such as delays, the action of others, or some other aspect of the situation
realistic conflict theory theory stating that prejudice and discrimination will be increased between groups that are in conflict over a limited resource
reciprocity of liking tendency of people to like other people who like them in return

Section 5

Question Answer
Social Neuroscience the study of the relationship between biological systems and social processes and behavior
Social Influence the scientific study of how a person's thoughts, feelings, and behavior influence and are influenced by social groups
Social Role the pattern of behavior that is expected of a person who is in a particular social position
Social Support System the network of people who can offer support, comfort, or aid to a person in need
Social Comparison the comparison of oneself to others in ways that raise one's self-esteem
Social Catergorizationthe assignment of a person one has just met to a category based on characteristics the new person has in common with other people with whom one has had experience in the past
Stereotype Vulnerability the effect that peoples awareness of the stereotypes associated with their social group has on their behavior
Self-Fulfilling Prophecy the tendency of one's expectations to affect one's behavior in such a way to make the expectation more likely occur
Stereotypea set of characteristics that people believe is shared by all members of a particular social category
Social Cognitive referring to the use of cognitive processes in relation to understanding the social world
Social Identity Theory theory in which the formation of a persons identity within a particular social group is explained by social categorization, social identity, and social comparison
Social Identitythe part of the self-concept including one's view of self as a member of a particular social category