Psych basic terms

ohsobeezee23's version from 2015-12-15 04:22


Question Answer
Covert BehaviorBehavior that cannot be observed by anyone other than the person performing it ex. thinking, dreaming
Overt behaviorBehavior that can be observed ex,dancing, jumping, using body language
Neutral stimulusA stimulus which does not elicit any feelings to begin with and it does not bring up a conditioned stimulus.
Counter conditioning Turning an unwanted behavior into a wanted behavior ex backwards little Albert
NSNeutral Stimulus
Neutral StimulusA stimulus which initially produces no specific response other than focusing attention
USUnconditioned Stimulus
Unconditioned Stimulusan event that has not been trained (conditioned) ex when seeing food to salivate
URUnconditioned response
Unconditioned response Unlearned response that occurs naturally in reaction to an unconditioned stimulus ex jerking hand back after touching hot plate
CSConditioned Stimulus
Conditioned StimulusA previously neutral stimulus that after repeated association with an unconditioned stimulus elicits the response produced by the unconditioned stimulus itself. ex bell in pavlov's dog
CRConditioned Response
Conditioned ResponseLearned response to the previously neutral stimulus. ex Many phobias begin after a person has had a negative experience with the fear object. After witnessing a terrible car accident, a person might develop a fear of driving.
Operant Extinctiona behavior once learned that is no longer there
Good Stimulus controlstrong correlation between a particular stimulus and the occurrence of a particular response ex spiking with an open palm in vball
Discriminative StimulusSomething that just by it's presence or absence influences the probability of occurrence
ProprioceptionThe body's ability to sense its positioning in it's environment
Behavioral assesmentI.d. and describe the target behavior
id possible causes of the behavior
selecting an appropriate treatment strategy to modify behavior
evaluating treatment outcome
CMOConditioned Motivating Operation
Non-Contingent Reinforcementdelivering reinforcement on a fixed-time schedule independent of whether the individual exhibits the target behavior during the interval. ex The coach tells the gymnasts that during the last 10 minutes of class they will get chocolate
Contingent reinforcementWhen a behavior must occur before the reinforcer is be presented the reinforcer is contingent upon that behavior. ex A coach tells the gymnasts that they will get chocolate if they all complete the drills of the practice without complaining
2 Reasons why coaches should capitalize on natural reinforcementthe more beginners experience natural reinforcement of a skill the more chance that player will practice it on their own and 2. to program generalization of a skill from practices to competitions, and for maintaining it in the long run
What two aspects of an athlete's performance should a post-competition evaluation assessathletic and mental performance. and readiness
Natural reinforcementa stimulus or event that does not require learning to become desirable
AntecedentPrevious or preexisting.
Respondent Conditioningthe same thing as classical conditioning
MOmethod of operation
Behavioral model of self management2 step model of self control, self modification, and self adjustment.

Four categories of punishers

Question Answer
Four categories of punishers arePhysical, reprimands, timeout, and response cost
Physical punishmentpunishment that activates pain receptors and discomfort
ReprimandsStrong negative verbal stimuli upon behavior
Timeouttransferring individuals to from a more reinforcing situation to a less reinforcing situation
Response costthe removal of a specified amount of reinforcer

3 main components of the motivation package for connie

Question Answer
3 main components of the motivation package for conniegoals setting, self-monitoring, performance feedback
goal settingex setting weekly goals for a number of laps skated and drills completed, and using the weekly goals to set daily goals
self-monitoringex they recorded their daily performance in their logbooks and evaluated their performance at the end of each practice
performance feedbackthey met with the skater once per week to discuss their progress and receive feedback

4 reactions to changing the bodies reaction to stressful events

Question Answer
4 reactions to changing the bodies reaction to stressful eventsControlled centered breathing, Maintain a sense of humor, progressive muscle relaxation, visualizing a relaxing scene
Controlled centered breathingmartial arts procedures that focus on thought control, a particular way of breathing, and muscle relaxation.
Maintain a sense of humorjoking around results in less tension
Progressive muscle relaxationalternatively tensing and relaxing various muscle groups while paying close attention to the sensations that are felt
Visualizing a relaxing sceneeffective way in combating excessive nervousness

Two types of natural reinforcement

Question Answer
Two types of natural reinforcementSensory feedback, 'Natural reaction' of others
Sensory feedbackex the feel of hitting a good golf shot.
'Natural reaction' of otherspat on the back from a teammate

6 steps that characterize many programs in self management

Question Answer
Step 1Set specific goals for quantity and quality
Step 2Increase commitment to change
Step 3Design monitoring data sheets for key behaviors
Step 4Manage antecedents to monitor desirable behaviors
Step 5Manage consequences and motivate desired behaviors
Step 6Prevent relapse and make it last

7 categories of stimuli that are useful for analyzing competitive and practice environments


Question Answer
1Cues from the physical environment
2Cues from the behavior of the coach
3Cues from the behavior of other athletes
4Cues from the level of autonomic arousal or degree of anxiousness of the athlete
5Proprioceptive cues from the muscles of the athlete
6The athletes imagery as cues
7The athletes self talk as cues

3 Ways that athletes use mental imagery and or visualization to enhance competitive performance

Question Answer
1Mental rehearsal of skill of just before performing
2Imagery for emotional control
3Imagery to tune out distractions

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