Psych 51 - Midterm 3 - Bystander Intervention

annire's version from 2015-12-14 08:09

Section 1

Question Answer
KGpeople are influenced by the people around them
lots of psych experiments are done on "elite" univ. took a while to understand teh influence of others. **Dangers in ways we find ourselves acting.
**Stanford experiment**power of votes. presumptions of people - how we act in those roles
when people are put in roles, they startacting in ways that suprise him/herself
post WWIIstarted becoming more aware/interested in this bystander effect

Section 2

Question Answer
latane and darley; smoked filled room; hypothesispeople look to others to decide what to do
when alone, much faster to respondcompared to when with others. delayed response
when a situation is ambiguouswe look to others to understand what's happening/how are they reacting.
when you're the only oneyou're solely responsible. more people - diffusion of responsibility?. assume others will help
series of steps: 1. notice that something is happening. (solitary students look around the room more) 2. define it as an emergency
the more people presentthe slower we are to recognize an emergency
define it as an emergency derive info from looking at rxns of others. in groups, we tend to hide emotions. --> may lead to groups deriving false info from others about emergency situations. "PLURALISTIC IGNORANCE"

Section 3

Question Answer
hypothesis: if others are present, we may assume they will help, and fail to take responsibility for helping**Think they are in a group of 2, 3, or 6
even if imagining/not physically presentmore people --> less likely to help,
diffusion of responsibilitymakes each person feel less responsible
evaluation apprehensionafraid of being embarrassed or ridiculed. no one else is doing anything?? maybe they know something you don't??? afraid to be ridiculed!!!
don't want to appear ignorant -->change behavior or belief?
so steps:1. notice something is happening; 2. define it as an emergency; 3. assume personal responsibility for helping; 4. choose a form of assistance; 5. implement the assistance

Section 4

Question Answer
hypothesis: who the bystanders are affects whether the event is defined as an emergencyalone/stranger/confederate/friend
almost as likely to do it when with friend as when alonemore comfortable with friend? erases the likelihood of embarrassment/ridicule
with stranger...look to others for guidance, misinterpret lack of concern? decide not serious
with friends...less likely to misinterpret each other's initial inaction

Section 5

Question Answer
hypothesis: victim must be deserving//cause of distressvictim looked ill or drunk
more likely to helpill than drunk.
hypothesis: helping less likely if cost is high (in hurry --> less likely to help)told running late/or on time
topic of talk? no effect. talking about good sumaritan - even if in hurry - didn't help. main factor **if late or not. (high cost)

Section 6

Question Answer
why should we study this?by understanding human tendencies will increase the likelihood to HELP
sessions/training: showed college students films of the experiments, discussed the 5 stages of helping behavior -->with training, twice as likely to help in an emergency that those without training (how long though??)