Psych 51 - Midterm 2 - Types of Therapies

annire's version from 2015-12-14 09:46

Section 1

Question Answer
PSYCHOANALYSISassumes that many problems stem from repressed impulses and conflicts generated during childhood. **bring repressed conflicts into consciousness to deal with/work through unresolved conflicts manipulation of nervous system to treat disorderdrugs****, deep brain stimulation
psychoanalysis methoduse free association and dream interpretation to discover sources of unresolved conflict
pscyhoanalysis transferencesubstitution of feelings toward other important persons in their lives to the therapist... (:* freud)

Section 2

Question Answer
humanistic theory goalhelp people gain insight into who they are/why they feel the way they do. **client centered therapy. **self-actualization ** greater personal awareness and growth
humanistic theory procedureunconditional positive regard. LITSENS. wihtout judging. reflects feelings and perceptions back to client. ACTIVE listening.
videofriendly when they meet. relaxed. **don't feel like you'll be so harsh on me. nervous.
video: ** nervous. *active listening * mmhmmm. chortles. repeats back what she says/but rephrased. **encourage her to make the decisions
video ** lead her on to figure it out herself. offers back what she says. the two options. so she can better figure out her thoughts.
video: *helped her dig deeper on her own? based on what she's saying herself?**a lot of repeating back. **want to be comfortable with what she says. *small, small leaps/connections
video: she wants him to actively do more**it's not good to be lost on your own. but also not something can answer for you. help you work towards own answer
video: *thinking about childhood. **seem perfect*repeats back? small assumption. *no, no. helps her figure it out

Section 3

Question Answer
behavioral therapyassumes the cause of distress is nonadaptive behavior
behavioral therapy goalchange the unwanted behavior. *
ex:systematic desnsitization, exposure therapy
kidna of likereplacing bad habits with good ones. get rid of potentailly self-destructing behaviors

Section 4

Question Answer
cognitive behavioral therapyassumes that the distress comes from irrational thoughts and behaviors (negative, self-defeating thoughts)
cbth goalrestructure patients thinking to avoid negative thinking
what problems do you want help with?tackle 1/2/3
**distortions in their thinkinghelp patients understand. just because i think something, doesn't mean it's true!
**catastrophic thoughts!?identify distressed thinking. when you start to think these thoughts.. think what was jUST going through my mind
**valuate their thinking**don't say depressed/judge their thinking
**tech them how to evaluate their thinking. EVIDENCEwhat's the evidence that this thought is true?
medication alonedon't learn skills to prevent future depressive episodes
can't stop the thoughts.figure out what you're thinking. respond to the thoughts. don't have to be helpless in teh face of the thoughts
**short term treatmentSKILLS. use for rest of their lives
**relapse preventionearly warning signs - might get depressed again
**learn things at every session**so they can make small changes at home. every day. in how they think and what they do

Section 5

Question Answer
**looking at how some underlying assumptions differthe different techniques