Psych 51 - Midterm 2 - Systematic Desensitization

annire's version from 2015-11-04 19:30

Section 1

Question Answer
what is systematic desensitizatino?it's a way to treat anxiety disorders
the most common anxiety disorders arephobias (intense irrational fear)
three types of phobias:simple (fear of specific animal or situation), social (embarrassment, public speaking), and agoraphobia (unfamiliar, open or crowded spaces)
How did freudian view phobias?that they are a result of unconscious psychological conflict, often stemming from childhood trauma. ( substitution for a "Deeper" fear)
psychoanalysis where you try to bring up the repressed conflict from early childhood trauma in hopes of gaining insight into the course of the conflict
systematic desensitization assumes that the phobiawas the result of classical conditioning (associating between CS and US producing UR, a fear response)
you can decrease the effect of anxiety byconditioning. **extinction.
three methods of systematic desensitization teaching relaxation (deep breathing, mindfulness), constructing an anxiety hierarchy, and densitization (like extinction)

Section 2

Question Answer
relaxation trainingjust a few sessions, learning about how to relax muscles, deep breathing, maybe hypnosis.
reciprocal inhibitionyou can't be relaxed AND in fear (from anxiety provoking stimuli). when relaxed, extinction process (bond weakens) can take place
construction an anxiety hierarchyyou can't do straight extinction, but throwing a claustrophobic person into an elevator at once, you build up to it.
secondary fearoften the greatest fear is feeling the fear
what are some advantages of psychotherapy?goals clearly states, sources of anxiety clearly defined. process can be measured. can be done by anyone
densitization1. state of deep relaxation begin with anxiety hierarchy. if patient feels any anxiety, stop. relax. start again
what did wolpe do? he randomly selected 39 cases of the 150 he had treated
of the cases, 68 were treated and 62 were completely or partially successfulwith an average of 12 sessions
follow-upno relapse for 4months to 6 years

Section 3

Question Answer
example: public speakingput into 3 groups, systematic desensitization, insight therapy, and control. for 5 therapy session
overall resultsSD > insight > on treatment
2 years latermost of SD still had good improvement, only half of insight group
math. what was the process?learn how to relax, got a hierarchy (called up to solve a problem to encountering a problem they didn't know on the final).
math. results?11/12 had recovery or improvement for math anxiety. maintained 2 months later too
Barlow looked at panic disorders. what causes themgeneralized biological vulnerability (anxious temperament),generalized psychological vulnerability (Sense it). and specific psychological vulnerability. (ex: ____is dangerous)
overall there is a fearof feeling ____ way
cognitive behavioral therapythe type we've been talking about, generate mild versions in controlled situations, learn there aren't negative consequences, relaxation techniques.
overall, talking therapy is modifying attitudes and perceptionsthat are maladaptive
barlow study. put into 3 groupspsychological treatment alone, drug treatment alone, and both. all compared to placebo
results: all three treatment groups had better outcomes than the placebo
however, between the three treatment groupsthere was no difference. BUT fewer relapses in psych alone
overall. it shows that for treating panic disorders, it doesn't matter which kind of therapy, as long as there is a WAY to treat it. this suggests. OVERTREATMENT. exists
what about spontaneous activity? we have to anticipate it randomly coming backwith a booster session, much less relapse
we can conclude that treatment of anxiety disorders focus on extinguishingassociation between stimuli (CR) and physiological response (CR)

Section 4

Question Answer
video. afraid of snakes. can be treatedin just 3 hours
this kind of therapy is exposure therapy
you have to be willing to experiencethe negative emotions, and expose them as not dangerous
some people thing that the intense exposure is cruel. but he claims that the patient has a choice.
what is driving the avoidance behavior?the strong belief in the catastrophe
if she does not run awaythe anxiety will gradually decrease
she has to getnew information about the catastrophic belief.
deep breathing sometimes is less helpful becauseit masks the anxiety. and the patient doesn't learn that anxiety isn't dangerous
the initial improvement is due to habituation and extinction of the anxiety interaction. or confidence is increasing. willing to take in new information.
3 hrs or 1 week? maintenance?go to the park. watch some nature videos