PSYC 352 Chapter 15 Vocabulary

blueghost's version from 2016-02-28 17:35


Question Answer
affective commitment level of personal feelings associated with one's relationship to an organization
distributive justice fairness regarding the distribution of resources, such as pay, the corner office, or perks
endowment effecttendency for owners and potential sellers of goods and products to value those products more than potential buyers do
equalitywhether the demographic characteristics of individuals such as age or seniority in the organization are considered primarily in making organizational decisions
equitywhether one's contributions and efforts are considered in making organizational decisions
groupthinkcollective pattern of thinking that hinders effective group decisions
leadershipthe "process of influence between a leader and followers to attain group, organizational, or societal goals"
multinational and international corporationswork organizations that have subsidiaries, satellite offices, and work units in more than one country
nemawashibroad-based consensus-building procedure that occurs within the Japanese ringi system of decision making
normative commitmentdegree to which one's ties to the organization are bound by duty and obligation
oligarchyan organizational structure characterized by rule- or decision-making power of a few; decisions typically made by people "at the top" who impose decisions on subordinates
organizational climateshared perception of organizational policies, practices, and procedures, and how people feel about them
organizational commitmentdegree to which a person is committed, identifies with, and makes efforts for, his or her organization
organizational culturedynamic system of rules involving attitudes, values, believes, norms, and behaviours that are shared among members of an organization
procedural justicefairness associated with the procedures and processes that organizations use to make decisions
psychological contractsperceptions of mutual obligations that exist between organizations and their members, which differ across cultures
ringi Japanese process of decision making which involves circulating a proposal among all people who will be affected by it, addressing concerns and negative consequences raised by as many parties as possible, consulting on as broad a basis as possible about the proposal, and achieving consensus before the proposal is formally implemented
sexual harassmentunwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, or there verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature in which submission to such behaviour is a condition to employment and employment decisions affecting the individual, and where the behaviour interferes with the individual's work environment or creates an intimidating, offense or hostile work environment
social loafingcommon ending in research on group productivity in the United States that individual productivity tends to decline in larger groups
social strivingopposite of social loafing; finding in many cultures that working in a group enhances individual performance rather than diminishes it
teamthinkinvolves the encouragement of divergent views, open expression of concerns and ideas, awareness of limitations and threats, recognition of members' uniqueness, and discussion of collective doubts

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