Ps6 2

eshapeesha's version from 2015-10-15 20:04


Question Answer
strong states characteristicseconomic development, often become strong bc war, diffuse from mother state,
who est british state through warwilliam the conquerer, then industrial revolution allowed state to develop through taxes
how did germany emergeotto von bismark wants to save prussia by unifying german states, they coordinate econ to avoid downfall.
spanish not strong bc gold everywhere, never had to est economic system
brazils downfallportugese colonists gave them nothing to go off of unlike other colonized regions, brazil is huge and hard to centralize. elites in brazil own all the land and don't listen to the gov.
india create congress party during struggle for independence, unify castes against britain, congress party ends up winning and staying in power but its super corrupt
nigeriano party or political instrument of legitimacy, no independence movements, democracy doesnt last so gowon becomes leader, oil resource curse
nigeria's oil resourse cursebiafra has oil--> threaten to secede--> civil war inhibiting state development
fsr based onwar, diffusion, econ growth
liberal democracy based onsocial contract theory- people permit rep to govern over them based on common interest
liberal democracycompetition, citizen participation, civil and political liberties to ensure integrity of political competition and participation.
social democracyliberal democracy w more social rights of citizenship, greater public control of econ
participatory democracycitizens participate actively beyond voting, focused at local level.
parliamentary sovereigntyexists in britain, parliament is supreme in all matters
historical materialismmarx belief that material forces are the prime movers of history and politics
social revolutionswtich from capitalism to socialism during proletarian revolution
britain est democracy aftermagna carta which made the king give reason to tax, freedom from arbitrary imprisonment, royals cant intervene w catholic church, assembly of barons who can dethrone king. the glorious revolution then dethroned the king, causing power to shift from monarch to parliament.
socialism cotrolled bydictatorship of the proletariat
vanguard partysmall party that claims legitimacy to rule based on its understanding of marxist theory and rep interest of proletriat before they are the majority.
democratic centralismruling party where people vote and the hgihest levels make the actual decisions
fascismcentral state to help smoothly functioning organism that is the nation, everything done to better the state
corporatism1 organization represents each important sector of society
neofascistsparties that espouse a virulent nationalism, often defined on a cultural or religious basis.
modernizing authoritarianismauthoritarian regimes that say they will modernize. claim that development requires leadership of a modern elite based on technocratic legitimacy. believe modernization theory, can produce benefits of development through tech, national unity w out debate or democracy
modernization theorytheory of development that argues that post colonial societies need to go through the same process as the west to fully develop
forms of modernizing authoritarianismone party regime- single party gains power and eliminates competition; military regime- military officers control power; bureaucratic- authoritarian regimes- military government w goal of econ development; personalist regimes- central leader comes to dominate a state, eliminating opposition and weakening state's institutions,
neopartimonial authoirtypower based on clientelism (ex-nigeria)
semi authoritarianismformal opposition and some open political debate exist and elections are held but this is all just for show (ex-mexico in which pri party wins)
theocracyrule by religious authorities, gov ensures that god's rules are followed by society (ex-iran)
what happened in iranpahlavi dynasty doesnt share wealth --> khomeini leads opposition and gets power w a guardian council to consult with, free elections fraud causing riots
4 characteristics of statesovereignty, territory, bureaucracy, legitimacy
3 kinds of legitimacycharismatic, rational legal, traditional
state development depends onleader, resource, neighbor, size
china1 party rule, authoritarianism as a tool for econ development,
political saliencydegree of pol importance
primordialismidentity groups are innate through kinship, language, culture, or phenotype
intrumentalismrational and self interested elites manipulate symbols and feelings of identity to mobilize a pol following
social constructionsocieties collectively construct identities through socialization
contentious politicsuse of disruptive techniques to make a political point, or to change government policy.
security dilemmagroups dont trust eachother and dont believe institutional constraints will protect them, causes violence
2 things that cause violencegreed and opportunity
rwanda genocidehutu gov kill tutsi population bc relative depravation. they have an election but then the hutu president's plane gets shot down so militias kill tutsis and quetionable hutu. this doesnt end until a tutsi rebellion
jus solicitizenship based on where born (ex-france)
jus sanguiniscitizenship based on blood (ex-germany. big issue for turkish immigrants and their kids)
centripital approachmeans used by democracies to resolve ethnic conflict by giving pol leaders and parties incentives to moderate their demands
consociationalismdemocratic system designed to ease ethnic tentions via recognizing the existence of specific groups and granting them some power in gov. (ex- northern ireland in gb)
3 tribes in nigeriaigbo, yoruba, igbo



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