Ps 7 part ii midterm 1

eshapeesha's version from 2016-04-28 21:30


Question Answer
regimesprinciples, norms, rules, and decision making processes around which actor expectations converge in a given issue area. could be physical organizations like un or regularly practiced behavior. (cops)
public international lawconcerned w law between several states or states and the citizens of other states
private international lawconcerned with private persons or institutions with significant relationships to one or more states
customary lawpatterns of established practice among states who view their practice as in accordance with law.
conventional lawagreements establushed through mutual agreements between states
security council5 permanent members and 10 rotating regional members.
general assemblyone representative for every member
eco soc council54 elected members
the international court of justicelegal adjudication and conflcit resolution
process for international lawdrafting, signing, ratification, entry into force.
traditional peacekeeping enforcing international ceasefires,
complex peacekeepingintervention in hot wars and civil wars, peace making policing, and non traditional military roles.
human rights lawchallenges states sovereignty, includes positive and negative rights, needs powerful states support for enforecemnt
human rights focuses onprevention and punishment of genocide, elimination of racial discrimination, discrimination against women, against torture, rights of children, international criminal court
why is the neo liberalist view limiteddoesnt show why human rights law emerges. this is only explained by liberalism which looks at system of states
how do norms come about emergence and then cascade. emergence established by normative entrepreneurs in liberal states.
neoliberalist opinion of how norms emergenorms are tied to who is in power so strong states have the greatest ability to enforce norms because other states will fear their consequences.
liberalist opinion of how norms come aboutsikkink says that normative entrepreneurs establish norms through advocacy networks, and then the norm emerges, and norms end up shaping interests. this is the norm cascade.
how do norms become normsimposition and enforcement.
norm cascadesonce there is a central mass of countries on board it becomes the norm.
most appealing normsinvolve the bobily integrity of the innocent, and opportunity norms.
constructivistsbelieve ideas are the most important . identity and interests are not based on experience. regimes can transform both identity and interest. interest is just in terms of relationship and institutional surrounding. systematic change is possible but difficult.
identitystable, role specific understandings and expectations about self
constructivists believe that anarchy iswhat states make of it
state interest is a result ofinstitution and identity.
institutionsstable sets or structures of identities and interests.
potential security systemscompetitive (hobbesian)- security interest is oppositional, assumes rivalry with other states. individualistic (locke)- security to protect oneself. cooperative (kantian)- when part of a community, if someone elses security is threatened, so is your own.
according to wint what sets the relationship between countriesfirst interactions set expectations for subsequent interaction.
does one bad country create a competitive environment for the restif the source is a leader or the government it is ignored but if they act badly toward the community, other countries teach the state and reincorporate.
how are expectations changedbreakdown in consensus of roles and identities causing states to re examine their norms until new norms are established until they achieve regularity creating a new system.
feminisma constructivist, critical theory (considers ideas most important) that says that international relations theory and practice would be different if womens voices were not systematically excluded.
differences between males and femalesmen often in power while women are subordinate, women in domestic sphere while men are in the public one. in war women and children experience rape.
types of feminism1-embrace social/ biological differences between males and females and think that war would be more peaceful if women were in power. 2- no inherent difference between males and females but if women were included the world would be more democratic bc 50% of the world would not be excluded


Question Answer
realisms (core beliefs, key actors, main instrument, blind spot) self interested states compete for power and security. states are the key acotrs who behave similarly regardless of type of government, military power and state diplomacy is the main instrument, doesn't account for progress and change in international relations or understanding that legitimacy can be a source of military power.
liberalism (core beliefs, key actors, main instrument, blind spot)spread of democracy, global economic ties, and international organizations will stregthen peace. key actors- states, international institutions, and commercial interests. main instruments- international institutions and global commerce. blind spot- fails to understand that democratic regimes only survive if they safeguard military power and security. some liberals forget that transitions to democracy are sometimes violent.
constructivism (core beliefs, key actors, main instrument, blind spot)international politics is shapred by persuasive ideas, collective values, culture, and social identities. key actors- promoters of new ideas, transnational activist networks, nongov organizations. main instruments- ideas and values. blind spots- does not explain which power structures and social conditions allow for changes in values.


Question Answer
neoliberalismthird level, believe in likelihood of cooperation, focus of economic instead of security issues. think states should behave according to what is likely to happen based off result.
neolib what precents cooperation and coordinationperceptions, lack of trust, transparency, enforcement.
logic of consequencepolitical action from rational calculation by actors to maximize preferences.
unbiggest international organization in the world in terms of membership and scope of mandate. 3 principles- legal equity of members through authority to vote, sovereignty and non interference, maintenance of international peace and security.
international court of justiceadjudicates counties, war crimes, auth over non state acotrs.
logic of appropriatenessconsider social norms over logic

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