Ps 161 midterm study guide

eshapeesha's version from 2017-04-28 21:25


Question Answer
descriptive representationsomeone with a similar story
substantive representationsomeone where what they actually do in government represents you
what kinds of things did obama do for blackness in politicsbrought a new character that was easily digestible, symbolized forgiveness to whites, considered revolutoinary when he was moderate, didnt have plans to restructure racial order, expands black public identity
colorblindnessin america since theres a triumphant narrative of race, people feel racism is over, leading to colorblindness. this makes black people responsible for white privlege when whites notice nothing. black people felt afraid to demand more from obama bc they didnt want to augment hate
race influence on presidency obama shaped support and dissent, raised stakes of success, exposed constraints of office, made whiteness at the center of american politics permanently visible.
revolution of rising expectationspeople take to the streets when things are getting better but not fast enough
antimiscegenation lawsforbid black/white marriage
classical liberal theory sought to justify kuberation of the individual from feudal oppositions and deride those who benefit from feudalism. private interest given priority, gov to control conduct of individuals,
federalist papersjustify the consitution , gov responsibility to protect and provide private property
3/5 compromisesays each slave counts as 3/5 person in population census, prioritizes preperty ownership and encouraged slave ownership
dred scott black people are not citizens so they have no rights .
cherokee nation v georgia est that indians arent citizens
compromise of 1877the south can deal w slaves however they plz
naturalization act of 1790US citizenship restricted to free white people
fugitive slave clause if an escaped slave is arrested they should be returned to owner
commerce clause treats indig peoples as foreign nationals and equal peoples, a promise that was severely broken throughout history
13 amendment abolishes slavery
black codespassed in south to prohibit freed slaves from voting, juries, or public spaces
14 amendment granted citizenship to people of african descent or aliens of african nationality , banned states from denying any person equal protection of law, life, lib, prop withotu due process of law
15th amendment extendeed voting rights to blacks males by prohibiting states from discriminating against potential voters
hayes compromise removed federal protection of black rights in the south, jim crow laws segregated blacks from whites in the south
plessy v ferguson legalized segregation through separate but = doctrine nationwide
one drop rule part of p v ferg, if you have blackness on your moms side you're black
brown v board of edy outlawed racial segregation for black people in public edu
irish dscrimination treated as a racial middle so they were initially met with contempt and discrimination. there were many laws and practices to restrict their rights.
how did irish incorporate state and local tolerance for white ethnics which provided much needed ethnic bloc vote and labor in major cities. then they were locally incorporated by political machines and trade unions which provided organizational bases for their mass mobilixation
immigration laws entrenching white privilege immigration laws permitted free white immigrants to become us citizens after 2 years of residence while blocking immigrants from asia, africa, middle east from entry
homestead act helped white landholders who participated in confederacy to purchase western lands for modest sums after 5 years of occupation
land grant college act 1862 landholding whites can attend elite state colleges
racial covenants restrict housing to whites only
new deal racist exlcuded blacks or offered them lower pay and fewer jobs
white ethnics gained privlege bc great depression and then irish fright in ww2, white intermarriage, pol advancement through machines, slowed immigration, non zero sum bc when white people take white jobs it is ok
linked fate individual wellbeing is linked to groups well being
collective memory aws a group we remember the struggle of past
bobo and hutchins conflict models group poisition/ threat theory, simple self interest, classical prejudice, principled objection.
threat theorygroups want to overtake eachother bc feel threatened
simple self interest people feel hostility when they feel like something is being taken away
classical prejudice hostility depends on psych/soc learning which causes conflict
civic voluntarism an activity that has the intent or effect of infleuncing gov action directly into policy or through who votes
grassroots activism community organizing based in political opportunity that can take advantage of power structure's vulnerabilities
1964 civil rights act outlaws dscrimination in employment, public accomodation, and federally funded programs based on race, gender, religious preference, or national origin.
1965 voting rights act provides federal protection to blacks residing in specific jurisdictions in the south that had high illiteracy rates and low voting rates, requires approval of changes in voting laws
1965 immigrants act eliminates discriminatory national origin quotas, = quotas of 20,000 from each nation, expands preference system for slecting immigrants
old jim crow racism kept poc in rural areas in the south as well as ag workers, exclusion from pol process
new racism covert racial discourse and practices, subtle gesture or language, colorblindness, apparently non racial
frames of colorblind racism abstract liberalism, naturalization of racial hierarchy, culutral deficiency thesis, minimization of race as a factor
latent racism concealed rcaism that shows through language and word choice
residual jim crow recognized practices and stereotypes that stem from america's past of sanctioned, racial segregation and white supremacy
colorblind racism belief that any attention to race is inherently tacist
how does gov matter in terms of race can determine when race and opportunities are not experienced in the exact same way across racial and ethnic minorities
multicultural view various cultural, racial, and ethnic groups in the united states should mutually coexist and maintain their distinct identities.
iroquois confederacyhas an army to hold back colonists for a bit, their gov shaped the artciles of confederation and consitution in its balanced and limited political principles based upon consent of the people
doctrine of discovery rights to unoccupied lands were granted to Catholic sovereigns on the conditions that natives become christian
johnson v m'intoshdramatically diminished native nations' property rights
cherokee nation v georgia indian nations are dependents of the state
worcester v georgia federal laws manifestly consider several indian nations as distinct political communities, law to be respectted within their territory
federal indian law supreme court extends marshall's concept that native nations have subordinate sovereignty
indian removal act of 1830forced thousands of native peoples to move to oklahoma through which they have to take the trail of tears
battle of little bighorn sitting bull of the lakota gets 3000 indians to battle against US army at black hills sacred sight to deat US against assimilation
major crimes act US jurisdiction applies to felonies occurring among indians in indian territories
US v Kagamachallenged the assertion that congress has jurisdiction over crimes between indians
general llotment act of 1887major vehicle for assimilation, desires to to civilize indian collective land holdings by forcing them to move onto acres of land, dismantle indian gov institutions, eradicate cultural tradition. whites move into the spots not taken, taking away independence
curtis act disallows indian institutions
meriam report ngo reports stating how past policy hadnt adequately addressed the health, econ, edu, land, or legal status of indians
indian reorganization actreservations considered important cultural units, autonomous self gov, institutes edu reforms, indians get to directly vote, 10 mill revolving credit for econ opp, affirmative action
termination act relocatoin to cities funded by US gov
declaration of indian purpose end to termination, major edu reforms, tribal control of research management and social services
ICRA bill of rights applies to indians
alcatraz jail shut down, native americans file a law suit based on sioux treaty saying they can have unused fed land. this land is occupied and demanded to be used for cultural center and university
pluralismassumes they are multiple centers of power, widely dispersed, among groups w political resources and these all balance to each group having equal resources. assumes discrimination comes from inefficient use of resources, and that minorities are protected by the law
pluralism IIis skeptical about = bc some interests are more more privileged
elite theorythere is the powerful elite nad the powerless masses. the elite control econ, soc, pol, and masses challenge through elections but these challenges are marginal teeny tiney
coaslition al biasresources of the upper strata are so wide ranging and significant that they have more of all types of reources, often overwhelming other interests and groups. since not all groups are equally valued in governance there won't be a coalition partner
internal colonialismone group of people dominate and exploit another but both have the same legal status through cultural genocide, racism, external administration. disadvantage that stems from past oppression.
colorblind article predicitonUS will become triracial w collective blacks, honorary whites, and whites.
how did indians view IRAas an externally imposed tyranny. inspires red power movement
public works appropriation act of 1958allowed army corps of engineers to take tribal lands without legal projection or compensation
american indian movementrenewal of spirituality to reverse ruinous policies of US. revival of culture by restoring spiritual leaders, refuse to relinquish sovereignty, occupy alcatraz to reclaim unused federal land, trail of broken treaties
1789 northwest ordinancerespect as equal partners, considered foreign nation
commerce clausedeal w nations by state to state relationship,w political status as foreign nationals,
dawes actimpose ideas of individual property ownership upon indians. grants citizenship through allotment of tribal land, forced between choice of adoption or deprivation,
indian citizenship actsupposedly gives civil rights, voting rights, boarding schools force kids into whiteness, recognized as tribes, part of US like countries, semi dependent w some sovereignty
1975 indian self determination and edu acttribes get semi sovereign status
1988 indian gaming regulation actallowing for casinos
1990 grave protection and reparation actremove imposition of remocal of tribes.
imoacts of 1973 wounded knee standoffremoval of corrupt tribal council leader and reform in tribal governance , formation of panethnic identity as amer ind, renewed national attention to and consciousness of issues regarding american indians and their native rights and culture
how does the native amer vote matterswing vote, largest nonwhite population in many states
black power independence leadersgarvey- setting up a black nation in africa, nation of islam- malcom x
black incorporation leadersbooker t WA w economic accomodation, WEB dubois w legal/pol accomodation
first reconstruciton13,14, 15 amendments, civil rights acts outlaw black codes, hayes compromise
hayes compromisein exchange for southern democrat vote, hayes promised southern democrats to remove federal troops from the south and send help to enforce CRA
second reconstrucitonbrown v board,

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