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Protists

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witecupa's version from 2017-02-09 12:07

Section 1

Question Answer
delicate siliceous tests with aperturesradiolaria
axopodiaradiolaria
parasitic/marine, freshwatergymnamoeba
marine plankton, freshwaterradiolaria
most benthic, some planktonicgymnamoeba
entamoeba hystoliticagymnamoeba
1 flagellum in collar of microvillichoanoflagellata
sister group of metazoachoanoflagellata
proterospongiachoanoflagellata
solitary, colonial/sessile, motilechoanoflagellata
large cupshaped chloroplastchlorophyta
ancestral lineage of green plantschlorophyta
starchchlorophyta
motile and nonmotilechlorophyta
volvox, ulva, chlamydomonaschlorophyta
source of agar and carrageenanrhodophyta
plasmodium and sclerotiummyxogastrida
physarum polycephalummyxogastrida
axostyleparabasala
4 to 1000s of flagella parabasala
trichomonas vaginalisparabasala
longitudinal binary fissionEuglenophyta
peristalticEuglenophyta
heterotrophic and photoautotrohpicEuglenophyta
chloroplast with 3 membranesEuglenophyta
2 flagella in flagellar reservoirEuglenophyta
2 equal sized nucleidiplomonadida
free-living and parasiticdiplomonadida
multiple flagelladiplomonadida
lack mitochondriadiplomonadida
giardia lambliadiplomonadida
trailing flagellumkinetoplastida
trypanosoma bruceikinetoplastida
marine benthic and planktonicforaminifera
large fossil speciesforaminifera
reticulopodiaforaminifera
foramsforaminifera
white cliffs of doverforaminifera
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Section 2

Question Answer
photosynethetic/marine, freshwater/gametic meiosisbacillariophyta
photosynthetic/marine/sporic meiosisphaeophyta
diatomsbacillariophyta
centric, pennatebacillariophyta
asexual reproductionbacillariophyta
siliceous frustule of 2 valvesbacillariophyta
kelp/multinuclear macroalgaephaeophyta
photosynthetic/marine,freshwater/2 flagella (cingulum and sulcus)dinoflagellata
symbiodinium sp.dinoflagellata
chloroplast of symbiotic origindinoflagellata
apical complex/zygotic meiosisapicomplexa
freshwater, marine, soilciliophora
anopheles apicomplexa
sporozite, trophozite, merozoiteapicomplexa
toxoplasma gondii (malarial causal agent)apicomplexa
gamontsapicomplexa
heterotrophic/complexciliophora
contractile vacuoleciliophora
myoneme/mostly free-living, some parasiticciliophora
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Section

Question Answer
foraminiferaSAR
radiolariaSAR
gymnamoebaunikonta
choanoflagellataunikonta
chlorophytaarchaeplastida
rhodophytaarchaeplastida
parabasalaexcavata
euglenophytaexcavata
diplomonadidaexcavata
kinetoplastidaexcavata
bacillariophytaSAR
phaeophytaSAR
dinoflagellataSAR
apicomplexaSAR
ciliophoraSAR
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Section 4

Question Answer
dendrogramtree diagram showing taxonomic relationships
commensalismecological relationship in which one species benefits while the other is not harmed or helped
phylogramphylogenetic tree that has branch spans proportional to the amount of character change
peptidoglycanpolymer composed of modified sugars cross-linked by short polypeptides
gram-positivesimpler walls with large amounts of peptidoglycan
gram-negativecomplex structures with less peptidoglycan and with outer membrane that contains lipopolysaccharides
capsulesticky layer of polysaccharide or protein surrounding the cell wall of prokaryotes
endosporeresistant cell developed by bacteria when they lack an essential nutrient
piliappendage that pull 2 cells together prior to DNA transfer from one cell to another
nucleoidregion of cytoplasm not enclosed by a membrane where chromosome is located
transformationgenotype and possibly phenotype of a prokaryotic cell are altered by the uptake of foreign DNA
transductionwhen phages carry prokaryotic genes from one host cell to another
methanogensarchaea that live in moderate environments/ strict anaerobes that produce methane
protistsunicellular groups of eukaryotes
cladistic philosophyall taxa should be clades ( monophyletic and holophyletic)
evolutionary philosophytaxa should share recent common ancestry and morphological similarity
monophyleticlineage with single common ancestor
holophyleticlineage including all descendants of a single common ancestor
paraphyleticancestral species and some descendants with single common ancestor
polyphyleticlineage or trait found in independent lineages
homoplasyanalogous structures that arose independently (bird vs bat wings)
homologyphenotypic and genetic similarities due to shared ancestry ( bones in mammal forelimbs)
synapomorphichair is a character shared by all mammals but not found in their ancestors
symplesiomorphicbackbones predate branching of mammals from other vertebrates
phylogenylizards and snakes evolved from the same thing
parallel evolutiondevelopment of similar characteristics in related, but distinct organisms descended from a common ancestor but in different clades
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