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Progress 19 NME (page 311-321)

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mbch4kz2's version from 2016-05-13 09:48

Section

Question Answer
What condition causes ammenorhea?Hyperthyoidism
What condition causes heavier periods?Hypothyroidism
What does the cortex of the adrenal glands produce?Glucocorticoids, mineralosorticoids (aldosterone) and androgens
What does the medulla of the adrenal gland produce?Adrenaline
What happens if there is under secretion of the mineralocorticoids from the adrenal cortex?Decrease in aldosterone- hyponatraemia and hyperkalaemia
What antibiotic would you use for staph. aureus (cellulitis)?Flucloxacillin
What antibiotic would you use for Group A strep. (tonsillitis)?Flucloxacillin
What would you give to someone who has a penicillin allergy?Carithromycin
How is vancomycin administered?IV- need to monitor blood levels as risk of Red Man sydrome
What antibiotic would you use for MRSA?Vancomycin
What is Co-amoxiclav a component of?(Augmentin)- Amoxicillin (do not give with penicillin allergy) and clavinalic acid)
What antibiotic would you give for dog bites?Co-amoxiclav
What antibiotics would you give for pneumonia?Benzylpenicillin with doxycycline
What antibiotic would you give for malaria prophylaxis?Doxycline
What antibiotic would you give for peudomonas infection?Tazosin
What antibiotic would you give for bacterial meningitis?Ceftriaxone (like CSF- CeFtriaSome)
What antibiotic would you give for listeria infection?Amoxicillin
What antibiotics would you give for a UTI?Trimethoprim (concentrates in the urine) or nitrofurantoin
What antibiotic would you give for sepsis?Gentamycin (careful as very nephrotoxic)
What antibiotic increases your risk of tendonitis?Ciprofloxacin (especially the achilles tendon)
What antibiotic would you use generally to cover surgical problems (such as abdominal sepsis)?Metronidazole
What antibiotic contraindicates drinking alcohol?Metronidazole
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