|The _________ is both the mechanical weight-bearing base of the spinal column and the fused central posterior section of the pelvic girdle.|
|When a person is standing upright, the weight of anything being lifted and carried in the hands is FIRST reflected onto the...|
A.) pelvic girdle.
B.) spinal column.
C.) thigh muscles.
D.) shoulder girdle.
|When the shoulder girdle is aligned over the pelvis during lifting...|
A.) the weight is exerted straight down the vertebrae.
B.) the hands can be held further apart from the body.
C.) the muscles of the back experience increased strain.
D.) the risk of back injuries is significantly increased.
|An EMT may injure his or her back, even if it is straight, if the...|
A.) back is bent forward at the hips.
B.) hands are held close to the legs.
C.) shoulder is aligned over the pelvis.
D.) force is exerted straight down the spine.
|The FIRST rule of safe lifting is to...|
A.) always lift with your palms facing down.
B.) spread your legs approximately 20″ apart.
C.) keep your back in a slightly curved position.
D.) keep your back in a straight, vertical position.
|Which of the following statements regarding the power lift is correct...|
A.) It involves using your lower back instead of your legs to lift.
B.) The leg muscles should remain relaxed during the power lift.
C.) It is the safest and most powerful method of lifting a patient.
D.) It is not recommended for people with weak knees or thighs.
|The proper technique for using the power grip is to...|
A.) lift with your palms up.
B.) rotate your palms down.
C.) hold the handle with your fingers.
D.) position your hands about 6″ apart.
|Which of the following statements regarding patient weight distribution is correct...|
A.) The majority of a horizontal patient’s weight is in the torso.
B.) Most of the patient’s weight rests on the foot end of the stretcher.
C.) A semi-sitting patient’s weight is equally distributed on both ends.
D.) The EMT at the patient’s head will bear the least amount of weight.
|General guidelines for carrying a patient on a stretcher include...|
A.) maintaining slight flexion of your back.
B.) leaning back from your waist when lifting.
C.) slightly twisting your body when carrying.
D.) constant communication with your partners.
|To minimize the risk of injuring yourself when lifting or moving a patient, you should...|
A.) flex at the waist instead of the hips.
B.) avoid the use of log rolls or body drags.
C.) use a direct carry whenever possible.
D.) keep the weight as close to your body as possible.
|Which of the following MOST accurately describes the correct position of the EMTs who are executing the diamond carry technique...|
A.) two at the head, two at the feet, and a fifth EMT balancing the torso
B.) one at the head, two at the feet, and a fourth EMT balancing the torso
C.) one at the head, one at the feet, and one on each side of the patient’s torso
D.) two at the head, one at the feet, and one on the left side of the patient’s torso
|When carrying a patient on a backboard up or down stairs...|
A.) keep your palms facing down.
B.) keep the head end elevated.
C.) carry the patient headfirst.
D.) keep the foot end elevated.
|When carrying a patient up or down stairs, you should avoid...|
A.) flexing your body at the knees.
B.) the use of more than two EMTs.
C.) using a wheeled stretcher whenever possible.
D.) the use of a long backboard or scoop stretcher.
|Which of the following is the MOST appropriate device to use when immobilizing a patient with a suspected spinal injury...|
A.) long backboard
B.) scoop stretcher
C.) portable stretcher
D.) wheeled stretcher
|In order to facilitate a safe and coordinated move, the team leader should...|
A.) be positioned at the feet so the team can hear.
B.) use preparatory commands to initiate any moves.
C.) speak softly but clearly to avoid startling the patient.
D.) never become involved in the move, just direct the move.
|With proper technique, you and your partner should be able to safely lift a patient who weighs up to ______ lb.|
|You should not attempt to lift a patient who weighs more than 250 lb with fewer than _______ rescuers, regardless of individual strength.|
|When pulling a patient, you should extend your arms no more than ________ in front of your torso.|
A.) 5″ to 10″
B.) 10″ to 15″
C.) 15″ to 20″
D.) 20″ to 30″
|When using a body drag to pull a patient who is on the ground, you should...|
A.) kneel to minimize the distance that you will have to lean over.
B.) extend your elbows as far beyond your anterior torso as possible.
C.) bend your back laterally to maximize your amount of pulling power.
D.) avoid situations involving strenuous effort lasting more than 5 minutes.
|To avoid injury when pushing a patient or other object, you should...|
A.) push the patient from an overhead position if possible.
B.) avoid pushing the patient with your elbows fully extended.
C.) push from the area of your body between the knees and hips.
D.) kneel if you are pushing an object that is above waist level.
|Which of the following statements regarding an emergency patient move is correct...|
A.) The spine must be fully immobilized prior to performing an emergency move.
B.) An emergency move is performed before the primary assessment and treatment.
C.) The patient is dragged against the body’s long axis during an emergency move.
D.) It is not possible to perform an emergency move without injuring the patient.
|In which of the following situations is an emergency patient move indicated...|
A.) A patient has an altered mental status or is in shock.
B.) The EMT is unable to protect the patient from scene hazards.
C.) The EMT has to gain access to lesser-injured patients in a vehicle.
D.) A significant mechanism of injury is involved.
|Which of the following steps is NOT proper procedure when performing an emergency move...|
A.) using a long-axis body drag during the move
B.) pulling the patient on a blanket or similar object
C.) pulling the patient’s clothing in the shoulder area
D.) lifting the patient by the belt to move him or her
|Which of the following situations would require an urgent patient move...|
A.) conscious patient with abrasions and a possibly fractured humerus
B.) imminent risk of a fire or explosion in or near the patient’s vehicle
C.) semiconscious patient with shallow respirations and signs of shock
D.) stable patient who is blocking access to a critically injured patient
|A critical aspect of the rapid extrication technique is to...|
A.) maintain stabilization of the spine at all times.
B.) move the patient as quickly as you possibly can.
C.) extricate the patient with one coordinated move.
D.) apply a vest-style device before moving the patient.
|Situations in which you should use the rapid extrication technique include all of the following, EXCEPT...|
A.) a patient who can be properly assessed while still in the vehicle.
B.) a patient who blocks access to another seriously injured patient.
C.) a patient who needs immediate care that requires a supine position.
D.) a patient whose condition requires immediate transport to the hospital.
This should be B
|When performing the rapid extrication technique to remove a patient from his or her vehicle, you should...|
A.) apply a vest-style extrication device prior to moving the patient.
B.) apply a cervical collar and immobilize the patient on a short backboard.
C.) grasp the patient by the clothing and drag him or her from the car.
D.) apply a cervical collar and remove the patient on a long backboard.
|The MOST serious consequence of a poorly planned or rushed patient move is...|
A.) unnecessarily wasting time.
B.) injury to you or your patient.
C.) causing patient anxiety or fear.
D.) confusion among team members.
|In which of the following situations would a direct ground lift be the MOST appropriate method of moving a patient...|
A.) a conscious patient complaining of abdominal pain
B.) a patient who complains of hip pain following a fall
C.) a pedestrian with back pain after being struck by a car
D.) an unconscious patient with a possible ischemic stroke
|The extremity lift would NOT be appropriate to use on a patient...|
A.) without a spinal injury.
B.) with a deformed humerus.
C.) who complains of nausea.
D.) with forearm lacerations.
|The direct carry is used to transfer a patient...|
A.) with multiple long bone injuries.
B.) with a possible cervical spine injury.
C.) from a bed to the ambulance stretcher.
D.) who cannot be placed on a backboard.