kisferkate's version from 2016-10-04 06:21

Section 1

Question Answer
Substance Useingestion of AOD without the experience of any negative consequences
Substance MisuseExperiences negative consequences from AOD use or the substance is illegal
Substance abusecontinued use of AOD in spite of negative consequences
Addiction/dependenceThe "compulsive" use of alcohol or other drugs regardless of the consequences
TheoryFormulation of apparent relationships or underlying principles of certain observed phenomena which has been verified to some degree
scientific rigorthey have been tested and have shown some consistent correlations or outcomes.
PraxisThe combination of both theory and practice
Thomas Kuhnfour stages of science: normal science, anomalies, crisis, revolution
Promising approachesprograms for which the level of certainty from available evidence is too low to support generalized conclusions, some empirical basis
best practiceshave been shown through research and eval to be effective
model programs rigorously evaluated and repeatedly demonstrated positive outcomes

Section 2

Question Answer
Predictive Theoryempirically states that if certain conditions are present, a probable outcome may result
Risk factorsfactors town to increase the likelihood of adolescent substance abuse
Protective Factorscounter risk factors , more present = less risk
Individual Risk Factorbiological and/or physiological
Family Risk Factorelements of an individual’s home environment increase the likelihood
Peer Risk FactorRelationships and bx’s of an individual’s peer group can substantially increase the risk
School Risk FactorIndividuals who have negative experiences in school, especially school failure, more likely to use
Community Risk Factorcommunities that are impoverished, disorganized, and apathetic are more likely to use
Protective FactorsConditions that protect youth from negative consequences of exposure to risks, reducing risk or changing way person responds
Individual Characteristic Protective FactorGender, resilient temperament, positive social orientation, intelligence
Bonding Protective FactorPositive families, friends, school and community, and committed to achieving goals
Necessary Conditions to Bondingopportunities, skills and recognition
Healthy Beliefs and Clear Standards Protective FactorPeople to whom youth bonded have clear, consistent, positive standards for bx
Actively Creating Healthy CommunitiesImportance of community-wide approach promotes development of strong bonds to family, school and community
Resiliency factorsprotect or buffer people against social problems or risk factors
Resiliency Factor: age of parent of opposite sexyounger mothers=boys, older fathers= girls
Resiliency Factor: number of children in familyfour or fewer
Resiliency Factor: spacing of childrentwo or more years
Resiliency Factor: number and type of people helping rear childgrandparents, aunts, uncles, ect.
Resiliency Factor: steady employment of motherespecially if she is single
Resiliency Factor: availability of sibling as caretakersibling caretaker better than none
Resiliency Factor: presence of multigenerational networknetwork of friends, teachers, relatives
Resiliency Factor: church attendancehigher attendance of church or religious services= higher resiliency
Resiliency suggestion: establish better relations withlocal companies & community groups, (college mentors)
Resiliency suggestion: Avoid cuttingart, music or athletic programs
Resiliency suggestion: establish school schedulesthat allow kids to have same teacher for 2+ yrs
Resiliency suggestion: Decreaseclass sizes

Section 3

Question Answer
The 6 CSAP Strategiesstrategies that can form a comprehensive prevention program
Information DisseminationProvide info on AOD/ prevention programs to individuals, family and communities
Prevention Educationtwo-way communication btw educators and participants, aim to effect critical life thinking skills
Alternative Activitiestarget populations participate in activities that are ATOD free
Community Based Processesenhance ability of community to provide more effective prevention and treatment services for substance disorders
Environmental ApproachesSeeks to establish or change community standards, code and attitudes
Problem Identification and ReferralIdentify users to determine whether they need education or referral for dependency assessment
Target Populationtype of people your program is trying to assist
UniversalEntire population (national, local, school, neighborhood)
SelectiveSubsets of the total population that are deemed to be at risk for ATOD abuse by virtue of their membership in a particular population segment
IndicatedIndividuals who are showing early danger signs

Section 4

Question Answer
Inhalation7-10 Seconds, highly rewarding
Injecting: iv15-30 seconds, dangerous, HIV Hep
Injecting: IM3-5 Min, dangerous, HIV HEP
Mucosal absorptionsnorting, under tongue, chewing, inserted into vagina/rectum
Orally20-30 minutes
Contact and Transdermaleye drops, patches, skin creams, can be 2 days
DepressantAlcohol, sedative hypnotics
OpiatesHeroin, morphine, codine, hydrocodone, methadone
StimulantsNicotine, cocaine, amphetamines, caffeine
HallucinogensPCP, LSD, shrooms, MDMA, ketamine
Cannabinolsmarijuana, hashish
Steroidsdifferent in males and females, some legal, some not
Inhalantsvolatile solvents, aerosol, gases and nitirites

Section 5

Question Answer
Schedule of DrugsDrug classifications crated under the Controlled Substance Act
Schedule Imarijuana, ecstasy, No currently accepted medical use, lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision, high potential for use
Schedule IIadderall, oxycodone, High potential for abuse
Schedule IIIpotential for abuse lower, may lead to moderate physical / high psychological dependance
Schedule IVXanax, Valium, Low potential for abuse
Schedule VCough syrup, Lowest potential for abuse

Section 6

Question Answer
Drs. Hawkins and Catalanodeveloped the risk and protective factor theory.
Emmy Wernerdeveloped the resiliency theory for substance abuse prevention.
cultural competencyfalls short of truly describing deep cultural immersion and understanding.
White privilegesocial, economic, and political advantages that white people have over people of color in America

Section 7

Question Answer
Strategic Prevention Framework (SPF)Comprehensive guide to plan, implement and evaluate prevention programs
Step 1: Assess needsIdentify pressing substance problems + contributing factors, and community resources/readiness
Step 2: Build CapacityBuilding and mobilizing local resources
Step 3: PlanForm a plan for addressing priority problems and abiding prevention goals
Step 4: Implementput plans into action by delivering selected, evidence based interventions
Step 5: Evaluatesystematic collection and analysis of info about program activities, characteristics and outcomes
Guiding Principle 1: Cultural competenceAbility to interact effectively with members of diverse population
Guiding Principle 2: SustainabilityThe process of achieving and maintaining long-term results