PolySci Ch. 7

kennedipierce's version from 2015-05-11 23:04

Section 1

Question Answer
Twenty-second Amendment Adopted in 1951; prevents a president from serving more than two terms, or more than ten years if he came to office via the death, resignation, or impeachment of his predecessor
Executive privilegeAn implied presidential power that allows the president to refuse to disclose information regarding confidential conversations or national security to Congress or the judiciary
U.S. v. Nixon (1974) Supreme Court ruling on power of the president, holding that no absolute constitutional executive privilege allows a president to refuse to comply with a court order to produce information needed in a criminal trial
Twenty-Fifth Amendment Adopted in 1967 to establish prcedures for filling vacancies in the office of president and vice president as well as providing procedure to deal with the disability of a president
CabinetThe formal body of presidential advisers who head the fifteen executive departments. Presidents often ass others to his body of formal advisers
Executive agreements Formal international agreements entered into by the president that do not require the advice and consent of the U.S. Senate

Section 2

Question Answer
War Powers ResolutionPassed by Congress in 1973; requires the authorization of Congress to deploy troops overseas and limits the time of their deployment
PardonAn executive grant providing restoration of all rights and privileges of citizenship to a specific individual charged or convicted of a crime
Inherent powers Powers that belong to the president because they can be inferred from the Constitution
Executive Office of the President (EOP) A mini-bureaucracy created in 1939 to help the president oversee the executive branch bureaucracy
Office of Management and Budget (OMB) The office that prepares the president's annual budget proposal, reviews the budget and programs of the executive departments, supplies economic forecasts, and conducts etailed analyses of proposed bills and agency rules
Executive orderRule or regulation issued by the president that has the effect of law. All executive orders must be published in the Federal Register
Signing statements Occasional written comments attached to a bill signed by the president