PolySci Ch. 1

kennedipierce's version from 2015-05-11 15:10

Section 1

Question Answer
GovernmentThe formal vehicle through which policies are made and affairs of state are conducted
MonarchyA form of government in which power is vested in hereditary kings and queens who govern in the interest of all
TotalitarianismA form of government in which power resides in a leader who rules according to self-interest and without regard for individual rights
OligarchyA form of government in which the rights to participate depends on the possession of wealth, social status, military position, or achievment
DemocracyA system of government that gives power to the people, whether directly or through elected representatives
Direct democracyA system of government in which members of the policy meet to discuss all policy decisions and then agree to abide by majority rule
Indirect democracyA system of government that gives citizens the opportunity to vote for representatives who work on their behalf
RepublicA government rooted in the consent of the governed; a representative or indirect democracy

Section 2

Question Answer
Political culturecommonly shared attitudes, beliefs, and core values about how government should operate
Personal libertyA key characteristic of U.S. democracy. Initially meaning freedom from government ernmental interference, today it includes demands for freedom to engage in a variety of practices without governmental interference or discrimination
Political equalityThe principle that all citizens are the same in the eyes of the law
Popular consentThe principle that the governments must draw their powers from the consent of the governed
Majority ruleThe central premise of direct democracy in which only policies that collectively garner the support of majority of voters will be made into law
Popular sovereigntyThe notion that the ultimate authority in society rests with the people
Natural lawA doctrine that society should be governed by certain ethical principles that are part of nature and, as such, can be understood by reason

Section 3

Question Answer
Political ideologyThe coherent set of values and beliefs about the purpose and scope of government held by groups and individuals
ConservativeOne who favors limited government intervention, particularly in economic affairs
Social conservativeOne who believes that the government should support and further traditional moral teachings
Liberal One who favors greater government intervention, particularly in economic affairs and in the provision of social services
ModerateA person who takes a relatively centrist or middle-of-the-road view on most political issues
StatistOne who believes in extensive government control of personal and economic liberties
LibertarianOne who believes in limited government interference in personal and economic liberties
Politics The study of who gets what, when, and how- or how policy decisions are made