Poly sci

cukefako's version from 2018-04-04 08:02

Section 1

Question Answer
The division of power between a national government and a set of semi-autonomous sub-national governmentsFederalism
Absolute power to rule Starts Sovereignty
The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government and shall protect each of them against InvasionArticle IV- Section 4 (The Republican Guarantee Clause)
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively or to the peopleThe 10th Amendment
The Elastic Clause – Congress has the power to make all laws necessary and proper for carrying into execution the forgoing powers. Article I -Section 8
The first major federalism case, M v M paves the way for a larger a more powerful, modern nation state. McCulloch v. Maryland (1819).
Areas of law in which national power supersedes (overrules) the power of the States.Preemption
Full Faith and Credit Clause
If the end be legitimate, and within the scope of the Constitution, all the means which are appropriate, which are plainly adapted to that end, and which are not prohibited, may constitutionally be employed to carry it into effect.The Elastic Clause
The Enumerated Powers specified in Article I – Section 8 impose well defined limitsDuel Federalism
The National and State governments powers in intermixed in the policy making arenaCo-cooperative
Has to do with free slaves Civil War
Federal IDC The deperssion
allows national income taxes 16th amendemnt
allows direct popular election of sennators 17th Amedment
Bascially they have more restrictions Formula Grants
used to improve the city Block Grants
Requirements that states perform certain tasks – many of these requirements are NOT accompanied by funding.Mandaments
giving the states back their rights The devoulation stage
which power or legal authority is exerted or coordinated by a de facto political executive to which federal states, local authorities, and smaller units are considered subject.Centralization
distributing or dispersing functions, powers, people or things away from a central location or authoritdecentralization

Section 2

Question Answer
Every state except RI and Connecticut have counties (although in Louisiana they are called parishes and in Alaska boroughs). Counties
Villages, towns, and cities are established and authorized by the statemunciplies
The most numerous type of government today including school districts, park and water districts.Special Districts