Politics Final

gcannon007's version from 2016-05-01 00:29


Question Answer
import-export sanctions when one country reduces or stops buying or selling from/to another country
fungibleability to use one type of power for multiple purposes
Millennium Development Goalseight goals established by the UN in 2000 to foster development in a sustainable and equal manner
developed countrya wealthy country with an economy that tends to produce manufactured goods and services for export
less developed countrycountry that is poor or has an economy that is less able to support its population
purchasing power paritymeasure that compares two currencies and adjusts them so that they can be compared in a meaningful way
Big Mac indexmeasure created by The Economist magazine that compares the value of currencies by comparing the cost of a Big Mac hamburger in different countries
Gini coefficient measure of the distribution of income in a country ranging from 0 to 1 where 0 means perfect equality and 1 means perfect inequality
Human development indexmeasure of the level of human development in a country
neocolonialism practice of maintaining control over smaller, developing countries by keeping strong, dependent links to their governments and/or dominating their economies
modernization theorytheory in the 1950s and 1960s that suggested all countries should be able to develop by following the practices of wealthy states in Europe and N America
Washington consensusorthodox liberal approach to development that took hold in the 1980s and was used to try to promote economic growth in poor countries
monetary consensus a 2002 framework for global developmental in which the developed and developing countries agree to take joint actions for poverty reductions, with emphasis on free trade, sustainable growth and development, and increased financial aid
cultural relativism idea that human rights are not truly universal and that different cultures have different systems of rights
international covenant on civil and political rightsa 1966 UN treaty identifying the civil, political, and legal rights of all humans and establishing procedures for the UN to monitor these rights
international covenant of economic, social, and cultural rightsa 1966 UN treaty identifying the economic, social, and cultural rights of all humans and establishing procedures for the UN to monitor these rights
Magna Cartathe "great charter" signed by King John of England in 1215, which noted that freemen had certain rights that the monarch could not take away, including right not to be imprisoned without legal justification or a judgement by one's peers
collective goodsthings that benefit all concerned- whether they participate in their protection and maintenance- and are not owned by any one state actor
intergovernmental panel on climate changea scientific body with 195 member states, created by the UN's Environmental Programme and the World Meteorological Organization in 1988
Malthusian dilemma named for its early author Thomas Robert Malthus, the notion that population growth outstrips the growth of the food supply
tragedy of the commonsidea tha no one state is held responsible for things held in the commons- so called collective goods
UN environmental programme UN agency dedicated to environmental protection, created in 1972
boomerang modelnotion that internal groups repressed by their own states can turn to TANs to put pressure on other states an those states then put pressure on the repressive state from the outside
INTERPOOLthe International Criminal Police Organization created in 1923 and based in Lyon, France
Transnational advocacy networks (NATS)networks defined by reciprocal, voluntary actions across national borders that (1) must include non-state actors (2 may include states or international organizations as well, (3) represent a recurring, cooperative partnership with (4) differentiated roles among the component parts

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