Politics Exam 3

gcannon007's version from 2016-03-16 04:10


Question Answer
Hegemoncountry that is an undisputed leader within its region or the world
diversionary theoryidea that leaders under domestic pressures will use military force more readily to distracts their opponents or rally the public behind their leadership
war weariness states that have most recently experienced significant, costly war are more peaceful in the aftermath because of the impact of the costs and experiences
groupthinkcharacteristics of some decision groups that result in a shared viewpoint or preference that leads the group to ignore relevant information and exclude dissenters from that viewpoint in order to protect it
frustration-aggression theoryresort to violence under conditions of persistent denial of expected treatment for example, fairness and equality
relative deprivationdiscrepancy between what people actually have and what they think they deserve based on what others actually have
political sovereigntythe principle that a state has authority and independence to rule without interference within its own borders
territorial integrity the principle that the other actors should not violate the territory or boundaries of a state
defense burden the ratio of military spending to overall gross domestic product of a country
massive retaliation the threat to respond to provocations with disproportionate and devistating nuclear attacks
mutually assured destructionthe ability of both sides to field a secure second strike capability of sufficient size to destroy a significant portion of the other sides society
peacekeeping the provision of third party forces from the UN or other regional organizations to help keep peace by providing a buffer between parties in conflict often along a border or an agreed upon cease fire line to monitor and maintain peace
reciprocity in international law, the principle that a state follows international law so that others will do so in return
national enforcement states enforce some international law through their own national legal systems
horizontal enforcement those measures that states themselves can take when a states violates an international law and other states can attempt to punish the violator themselves
vertical enforcementthe enforcement of international law by international institutions
weighted voting in international organizations, decisions rule in which member votes are weighted according to some factor related to size, power, or wealth
P5 (perm-5)five permanent members of the UN Security council- the US, Britain, France, China, and Russia (each hold veto power)
UN security councila 1991 resolution authorizing UN members to intervene in the domestic affairs of Iraq
UN secretariat bureaucracy and administrative arm of the UN
UN secretary-generalhead of the UN Secretariat, the UN's administrative leaders elected by the UNGA at the recommendation of the UNSC
austerity programnondemocratic governments with leaders who rule via force whose basis of power is the ability to coerce others or a submissive citizenry
comparative advantagebeing more efficient at producing a good or service relative to another good or service ever if one country has an absolute advantage over another in all products both countries benefit by specializing in the products they each produce most efficiently and trading for others
mercantilism an economic policy that combines free enterprise and government the government uses its power including its military to enhance private business and private business providers revenues to the government to maintain and enhance its power
most favored nationthe preferential trade status that members of the GATT gave to other members MFN could also be granted to non members if a country chose to do so the US granted china MFN status for years before China entered the agreement
nontariff barrier a requirement that foreign goods or services must meet that is specifically designed to block or obstruct those goods or services from sale in that market

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