Politics Exam 1

gcannon007's version from 2016-02-16 04:18


Question Answer
anarchyabsence of central government in world politics
prisoner's dilemmasituation in which two prisoners must decide whether to collaborate with each other or not
stag huntsituation in which hunters must decide whether to collaborate with each other or act on their own
commitment problemcountries have a hard time committing to cooperative courses of action that assure their partners that they will keep their end of the deal for mutual benefit and forego the possibility of their own short-term goals
collective action problemscondition in which the uncoordinated actions of individuals lead to less than optimal outcomes because, although many individuals would benefit from cooperative action or actions, few incentives lead any particular individuals to assume the costs of such actions
non-state actionsinternational actors that are not states (may include IOs, NGOs, multinational corporations, and individuals
statepolitical-legal unit that: 1) has an identifiable population 2) located within defined borders recognized by others 3) has a government with sovereignty
security dilemmasteps that states take to make themselves secure often result in threats to other states, make the first state less secure
embassiesproperties that house the permanent diplomatic missions of other countries, typically located in the capital city of a state
Treaties of Westphaliatwo treaties in 1648 that ended the Thirty Year's War and created the international system
consulateoffices other than embassies where diplomatic officials facilitate commerce, travel, and cultural exchange
nationidentifiable group of people who share a collective identity typically formed around bonds based on factors like language, culture, etc
nation-statestate in which nearly all of the population are members of the same nation
NATO (north american treaty organization)military alliance structure created following the outbreak of the Korean War in 1950 and led by the U.S
Westphalian sovereignty idea within a state's borders there is no higher authority than the government of the state itself
mujahideenthose who fight to liberate Muslims or traditionally Muslim lands from control by nonbelievers
Neo-Westphalian sovereignty idea of sovereignty as a state's responsibility to protect its citizenss
collective securitystates join together into an organization, ban the use of force by its members, and commit themselves to joining together to respond to any attack by one member on any other members
state of naturehypothetical condition before the advent of government
sovereignhaving supreme authority over territory and people
unitary actorsimplified conception of a state as a single entity or actor
hard powerpower based on coercive means, such as military force
soft powerpower based on attraction and persuasion rather than coercion
positive sumcondition in which all parties to an issue can be benefit or "win"
hegemonydomination of the international system by one country
Hobbesian worldbrutal, dangerous, self-help world with central authority described by the philosopher Thomas Hobbes
foreign policy analysistheoretical approach that focuses on the process and outcomes of foreign policy decisions made by the people and groups that determines a state's actions in international relations
Marxismargument development by Marx and Engels that asserted all politics was determined by social class and that the world would progress through historical economic epochs
feminist international relations theoryfeminist approach to understanding international relations that focuses on the role of women and gender and how historically the world has been male dominated
bounded rationalityidea that leaders want to make rational or logical decisions but are limited by their lack of knowledge of other human factors
socialismeconomic-political system in which the government controls the economy the redistributes wealth to create economic equality in the country
diversionary theoryidea that leaders under domestic pressures will use military force more readily to distract their opponents or rally the public behind their leadership
proletariat working class that sold its labor for less than its value to capabilities

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