Politics and the Economy (1964-70)

mcleishy's version from 2015-04-15 10:54


Question Answer
What was one of Wilson's most effect campaign promises?The 'White Heat' of technological change
In what year was the devaluation crisis?1967
Between 1966 and 1969 which party led the opinion polls?The Conservatives
What were the social policy achievements of the Wilson government? Comprehensive Schools, the Open University, liberalisation of abortion and homosexuality laws
Which Chancellor brought economic policy under control by 1970?Roy Jenkins
Harold Wilson was the first Prime-Minister to be educated where?A state secondary school
Which report did Wilson implement, soon after coming into government?The 1963 Robbins Report on higher education
Which seven new Universities had been set-up by 1966?Sussex, East Anglia, Kent, York, Exeter, Lancashire, and Warwick
Which professionals were employed as government advisor's under Wilson?Scientists
Which Home Secretary, from 1965, promoted liberalisation? Roy Jenkins
What was voted against in 1965?Capital Punishment
Why didn't Labour believe the Balance of Payments problem was there own fault?They inherited it from the Conservatives
Which groups did Labour Ministers believe, were obstructive, and had anti-labour attitudes? Senior Civil Servants, and the Bank of England
Who introduced the failed National Plan in 1965?George Brown
Who did Wilson perceive as Biased and hostile?The BBC
Why did Wilson have an advantage over Heath?Heath was stiff and awkward
By how many seats did Labour defeat the Conservatives in the 1966 election? 363 to 253
By how many votes did Labour defeat the Conservatives in the 1966 election?47.9% to 41.9%
How did Wilson show his sense of persecution following his 1966 election victory?He refused to give any interviews to the BBC
Wilson was sensitive to criticism from within the Labour Party, so what set of advisor's did he use instead?His 'Kitchen Cabinet'
Was was the Balance of Payments deficit in 1964?£400 million, the worst since World War Two
Between 1950 and 1973, average GDP growth in Britain was 3%, what was it in the USA, West Germany, and Japan?4%, 6%, and just under 10%
Why did Wilson not devalue the pound initially? He wanted to prove that Labour was not 'the party of devaluation'
What was the exchange rate in 1964, and what did most economists think of it?$2.80 to the £, and most economists thought it was too high.
What were the two problems of the Department of Economic Affairs (DEA), led by George Brown, designed to create economic expansion?It overlapped with the Treasury and the role of the Chancellor James Callaghan meaning Civil Servants were unsure who their boss was, and the second problem was Brown himself
What problems did George Brown have?He was a drunk, impulsive, unpredictable, and frequently clashed with cabinet colleagues?
What did a Times journalist describe George Brown as?"Lord George Brown drunk is a better man that the Prime Minister sober"
How Wilson partially to blame for the confusion between the DEA and the Chancellor?It was possible Wilson attempting to keep the key personalities happy, rather than picking the best team for the job
After 1966 the DEA faded away, what did Wilson use to keep inflation down?A Prices and Incomes Policy
Which strikes in 1966 and 1967 begun to facilitate another sterling crisis? National Union of Seaman in 1966, and dock strikes affecting London and Merseyside in 1967
When did the government devalue the pound by 14% to $2.40?November 1967
Shortly after the devaluation crisis, what other even damaged Labour's credibility? Another EEC application was rejected
What deflationary measures did Roy Jenkins introduce, causing the economy to improve following devaluation?He raised takes and tightened up government spending
When was a balance of payments surplus achieved? 1969
What two things did both Conservative and Labour feel was essential to do?Maintain full-employment and keep the unions happy
In the 1960's, how many people had a favourable view of the unions?Nearly 60%
Which Trade Unionist did Wilson make Minister of Technology in 1964?Frank Cousins
What was the name of strikes started by local activists, which became more frequent in 1966 and 1967?'Wildcat Strikes'
Who was Wilson's employment minister from 1967?Barbara Castle
What was the name of the Trade Union policy announced by the Conservative opposition?A Fair Deal at Work
When was "In Place of Strife" introduced?1969
While Castle's proposals strengthened the unions in dealing with employers, what three aspects of her plan were considered to radical?A required 28-day 'cooling-off' period before a strike //// Government could impose a settlement when unions were in dispute with each other over 'demarcation disputes' ///// Strike ballots could be imposed
Who were the two powerful figures which rebelled against "In Place of Strife"?Joe Gormley of the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM), and Home Secretary James Callaghan
How many Labour MP's were ready to rebel against "In Place of Strife"?50
How long did the row over "In Place of Strife" continue for until Wilson gave in.Months until June 1969
Why did Wilson call an election in April 1970?He was confident of winning?
As well as rows of Trade Unions, where else were setbacks for Wilson in 1969?Rhodesia and Nothern Ireland
Did people expect the Conservatives to win the June 1970 election?No, Only Heath Did
By how many seats did the Conservatives defeat Labour in June 1970?330 to 287
By how many votes did the Conservatives defeat Labour in June 1970?46.4% to 43%
Heath had resisted pressure to make immigration a key election issue, and refused to let Enoch Powell participate in the campaign even though he would have boosted the Conservative vote in several constituencies; when was Powell sacked from the Shadow Cabinet?1968

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