Politics (1990-2007) - Extra Notes

mcleishy's version from 2015-05-23 18:17

Section 1

Question Answer
In 1973 the percentage of trade with Common Market partners was 30%, what was this in 1997?50%
What helped Britain's Balance of Payments?They had become a net-exporter of North-Sea oil, while the curbing of unions helped competitiveness
In Mid-1991 unemployment was 1.6 million, what was it in early 1992?2.6 Million
What was particularly worrying about the 1991 recession for the Conservatives?It affected the traditionally Tory middle-classes, especially in the South, with homeowners stuck in negative equity, and many being repossessed.
What symbolized the open hostility of the print media to the Labour Party in 1992?"It Was the Sun Wot Won it"
What did Major later refer to Black Wednesday as?"The beginning of the end"
What did Sun Journalist Ken Mackenzie tell Major about the ERM crisis?"John, I'm holding in my hands a bucket of shit. Tomorrow morning it is going to be emptied over your head".
What was Labour's lead in the polls for the rest of the year following Black Wednesday?17%
Why did the ERM crisis cause an improvement in Britain's economic position in the long-term?It could reduce interest rates, and allow the pound to float downwards
What did John Major tell an ITV interviewer about Black Wednesday in 1998?"that was the end. There was never any real hope after that"
What was the average swing to Labour in the 1997 election?13%

Section 2

Question Answer
What were some of the modest, easy to fulfil, pledges on the 1997 Labour manifesto?Keeping inflation, and reducing hospital waiting lists
What was the name given to Blair's female cabinet members?"Blair's Babes"
Who were Blair's Foreign Secretary, Home Secretary, and Education Secretary? Robin Cook, Jack Straw, and David Blunkett
By how much did Blair pledge to increase NHS spending in 2000?5% per annum: the biggest NHS spending spree since 1948
In 2004, by what amount did Blair win a vote on University top-up fees: he would have resigned had he lost?316-311
What 4 reasons have been given for the slow start of Blair's Labour government?They made too many promises // Blair was to cautious due to fears of upsetting people // The Labour Party still thought like an opposition // They were too obsessed with focus groups and opinion polls
What did William Hague admit about Tony Blair?"He has changed the Conservative Party... we've had to catch up"
What bold economic decision did Brown make?He granted Independence for the Bank of England
When was the Good Friday agreement signed?April 1998
How did Blair deliver his pledges for devolution?A Scottish Assembly was established in Edinburgh, and a Welsh Assembly in Cardiff
When did Londoners vote for an Assembly and directly elected Mayor in a referendum?1998
When was the European Convention for Human Rights incorporated in UK law?2000
In 1999, what was the number of hereditary peers reduced to?92
What problems were caused by the European Human Rights Act?It was difficult within existing British legal parameters
How old was William Hague when he took leadership of the party?36
What was the aim of the "Cameroons"? To "decontaminate the Conservative brand"
When did Brown begin a spending spree: pumping money into public services?2001
Why did Foundation Hospitals personify Blair's NHS reforms?They were modern organisations, free from central government, who could make their own decisions regarding finances and management
What did Blair say at the 2002 Labour Conference?"I believe we are at our best when we are at our boldest. And so far we've made a good start but frankly we have not been bold enough"
What concerns did economist Will Hutton say about growth under Brown?It was fuelled by increasing personal debt, credit card spending, and rising house prices
Did social inequalities rise or fall under Labour?Fall
Which leading Labour politicians had left by 2006, weakening Blair's position?Robin Cook, Peter Mandleson and David Blunkett

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