Politics (1975-90) - Extra Notes Proper

mcleishy's version from 2015-05-23 19:57

Section 1

Question Answer
Despite inflation running as high as 30% in 1975, how large were some of the pay settlements Wilson gave to the unions?30%
Why was it necessary to avoid wage inflation? It led to unemployment, and it was vital to control public spending.
In which budgets did Healey introduce price-rises, limit wage increases to a maximum of 3%?April 1975, and 1976
By 1976 government spending was becoming uncontrollable and taxes were very high: what was inflation, interest rates, and the balance of payments deficit?16%, 15%, and £1 Billion
What did Wilson resist Tony Benn over?An attempt to socialize the economy through the National Enterprise Board.
Which Labour Party members were outraged by the IMF loan, which required Public Spending cuts?Trade Unions
Callaghan cut government spending by £2 billion due to the IMF, but what did employment reach by 1978?1.6 Million
Why was the IMF loan criticised by both the Conservatives and Labour?The Conservatives claimed it was putting British Policy in the hands of worlds bankers, while Labour claimed it was caving into Capitalism and Privatisation.
Many claimed this Labour government lost the socialist high-ground, how many government-owned BP shares did Denis Healey sell?£500 Million
How long did the Lib-Lab Pact last for?Spring 1977 until Autumn 1978
What was the term given for Britain's employer-worker relations?"The British Disease"
When did Fireman strike, creating a feeling of national emergency?1977
Ford Car Workers went on strike in all 23 factories, how large was the pay rise they recieved?17%
When did Lorry Drivers strike, and receive a 20% pay rise?January 1979
By 1978, 9 North Sea Oilfields came onto stream, what was it's economic impact?It eased the balance of payments problem, inflation rates fell, and the pound climbed reaching $2
In 1978, Callaghan wished to limit inflation to below 8% - to do this what did the government have to limit pay-rises to?5%
How many union members were there in 1978, and how many of these were in the Transport and General Workers Union (The Largest)?13 Million and 2 Million
In January 1979, how many Public Sector employees in NUPE and COSHE went on strike?1.5 Million
By how much did the Labour vote drop, and what majority did Thatcher have, in 1979?3%, and 43

Section 2

Question Answer
What was interest rates raised to in 1979?14%
What did VAT increase from and to in 1979?8% to 15%
Higher levels of VAT mean inflation reached what by the end of 1980?21.9%
What did the abolition of the Price and Income Commission and the end of controls on the movement and value of currency cause?The value of the pound increase, harming exports, and increasing unemployment. This meant the government had to borrow more to pay for increasing unemployment benefits
In the Summer of 1980, how much was cut from public spending - affecting education and financial support for the unemployed?£900 Million
When were interest rates raised for a second time: to 17%?1980
By the end of 1980, what had unemployment reached?2.8 Million
The 1981 budget was in the middle of one of the biggest economic downturns in Britain, but the government squeezed the economy by taking out an extra £4 Billion in takes, how many eminent economists wrote to The Times explaining the problems with it?364
Which Cabinet 'Wet' was hugely critical of the 1981 budget?Francis Pym
How many years of economic growth followed the 1981 budget, and what did inflation fall to in 1983?8 years, and 4.3%
Between 1979 and 1982, what did unemployment rise from and too?1.2 Million to 3 Million
By how much did economic output fall between 1979 and 1982?11%
Between 1979 and 1982, to what level did the pound rise against the dollar, having a disastrous affect on exports?$2.45 to the £
Which 1980 Act outlawed secondary picketing, and a 'Closed Shop' making union membership compulsory?The Employment Act of 1980
When was Heathite Minister for Employment Jim Prior, replaced by Norman Tebbit who pushed through tough Anti-Union legislation?1982
British Steel was losing 37 Million a week, what was happening to it two years later?It was magnificently efficient, but had lost half it's workforce.
Why did Sir Keith Joseph pay the £990 Million required to keep British Leyland running?He could not face the prospect of mass-unemployment in the Midlands. (Possibly because there were many marginal parliamentary seats there).

Section 3

Question Answer
How much did manufacturing productivity grow between 1979 and 1989?4.2% - the since WW2 - and the highest in most of Europe
Taking into account the rise in indirect taxes, did taxation rise or fall under Thatcher?It fell slightly in real terms
Who was the Militant Tendency leader of Liverpool Council?Derek Hatton
What percentage of the vote did Tony Benn fain when he stood against Kinnock in 1987?11%
What did Thatcher encourage state schools to do?Opt out of local authority control, and take responsibility for their own financing.
Between 1980 and 1989, by how much did Britain's Current Account deficit rise?From £16 Billion to £47 Billion
In 1989 how much was made from Privatisation?£7.1 Billion
What did the introduction of a National Curriculum ensure?All pupils were taught the same subjects, and topics within them.
What was introduced to encourage an element of competition within schools?League Tables
Willie Whitelaw resigned, but why did Ian Gow, another of her closest, and conduit to backbench MP's, leave in 1990?He was assasinated