Political crisis and the end of the post-war boom (1970-75)

mcleishy's version from 2015-04-15 12:52


Question Answer
Who were the Chancellor, Nothern Ireland Secretary, and Employment Minister who strongly supported Heath?Anthony Barber, Willie Whitelaw, and Jim Prior
Which two people were lukewarm about Heath's economic policies?Sir Keith Joseph and Margaret Thatcher
Who influenced Heath's decision, at the 1970 Selsdon Park conference, to allow inefficient businesses to go bankrupt and not receive state aid? Sir Keith Joseph
How many rebel Labour MP's helped Heath win the Commons vote over Europe?69
Heath inherited an explosion of violence in Nothern Ireland; what ultimately unsuccessful agreement was reached in 1973?The Sunningdale Agreement
When did the Wilson government send troops into Nothern Ireland?1970
Who was the Belfast government leader, which Heath initially backed, supporting his policy of internment and detaining terror suspects without trial in 1971?Brian Faulkner
How many civilians were killed on'Bloody Sunday' in January 1972?13
What did the worsening situation in Nothern Ireland prompt Heath to do?Suspend Stormont parliament and bring in direct rule from Westminster
Who denounced the complex power-sharing plan decided by the Sunningdale Agreement?Extremists, both Republican and Loyalist
In 1974 Heath lost power and political crisis in Britain meant progress in Ireland was slowed; which opponents of power sharing organised an Ulster workers strike, brining the province to a standstill?Loyalists
How old was his talented Chancellor Ian Macleod when he died suddenly in 1970? 56
Chancellor Anthony Barber cut taxes and public spending, creating a 'Barber boom' with a rapid rise in wage inflation, was was a controversial aspect of these cuts?The ending of free-school meals
What did many people blame the inflation on?Unions holding the country to ransom
In 1971 Heath made a 'U-Turn' - which firm was nationalised, and which firm had money poured into in to prevent bankruptcy? Rolls Royce and Upper Clyde Shipbuilders
What were the Trade Union Congress (TUC) and Confederation of British Industry (CBI) opposed to? The 1971 Industrial Relations Act which was very similar to "in place of strife"
What did the Industrial Relations Act do?It set up an Industrial Relations Court, provided for strike ballots, and established a "cooling off period" before official strikes could begin
The Industrial Relations Court was ineffective at dealing with disputes; what major strikes were there in 1972?The Miners in January and the Railwaymen three months later
In 1971, unemployment was above 1 million for the first time since when?The 1930's
For how long did the 1972 miners strike last?6 Weeks
Who was the moderate Lancastrian NUM leader who negotiated concessions and a generous wage settlements for the miners? Joe Gormley
The government appeared to be recovering in 1973, what did unemployment fall to?Approximately 500 000
What did Heath's popular prices and incomes strategy ensure?Limits on wage increases imposed by the government's pay board in line with the cost of living
In 1973, how did the number of working days lost through strike compare with 1972?It was half
What happened to the opinion polls in 1973?The Conservatives drew level with Labour
What did Heath's Parliamentary Private Secretary, Douglas Hurd, write in his diary in Autumn 1973? "If no horrors occur...this time next year might be best to have an election"
When was the OPEC oil crisis?1973
Why and when did OPEC declare an oil embargo?The Yom Kippur, Arab-Isreali war, in the Middle-East. October 1973.
By how much did oil prices increase following the OPEC crisis?By 4 times
When did the NUM demand a second pay-rise, and when did the government announce a three-day week?November 1973 and December 1973
Was the some public sympathy for the miners?Yes, they were perceived as doing a dirty and difficult job
Although Gormley was a moderate, who were two more radical members of the NUM?Mick McGahey and Arthur Scargill
What was the central issue of the February 1974 election? "Who governs Britain"
How many seats, and what share of the vote, did the Liberals receive in February 1974?14 and 19.3%
How many seats did Labour and the Conservatives receive in February 1974?301 and 297
What share of the vote did Labour and the Conservatives receive in February 1974?37.1% and 37.9%
When talking to close advisor Bernard Donoghue, how did Wilson say he intended to govern?"No Presidential nonsense this time", he was going to be "a sweeper in defence... not a striker in attack"
Did Wilson decide to entier a coalition with the Liberals, or govern as a majority?He decided to govern as a majority
In what months of 1974 did Wilson's Chancellor Dennis Healey, issue two budgets, intending to deal with the economic crisis without annoying unions?March and July
How many seats did Labour gain, and the Conservatives lose, in the second election of 1974?18 and 21
What was Labour's majority, and lead over the Conservatives, following the October 1974 election?3 and 42
When did Wilson call an EEC referendum? 1975
What did observers feel Wilson's main aim in his second-term was?self-preservation and the avoidance of disasters
Who led the unsuccessful "no" campaign for EEC membership? Michael Foot and Enoch Powell
In July 1975, how many voted yes, and how many voted no, for EEC membership?17 Million and 8 Million
Did Thatcher work for a 'yes' or a 'no' in the EEC referendum?Yes
Before running for party leadership, what role had Thatcher had during her brief stint in the Cabinet?Education Secretary
Who was Thatcher's campaign manager, who managed to exploit the sense that things were badly wrong in the party and the country?Airey Neave
By how many votes did Thatcher beat Heath on the first ballot?130 to 119
By how many votes did Thatcher defeat Willie Whitelaw in the second ballot?146 to 79
Thatcher offered Heath a senior position, what did Heath choose to do?He rejected it an embarked upon a "fifteen year sulk"
Did Thatcher keep most of Heath's Shadow Cabinet?Yes
Who became a loyal deputy Prime-Minister for Margaret Thatcher?Willie Whitelaw

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