Poli sci intro

eshapeesha's version from 2015-09-29 21:12

Section 1

Question Answer
political developmentprocesses through which modern nations and states arise, how political institutions and regimes evolve
modernization transformation of poor agrarian societies into wealthy industrial ones
regimesets of political institutions that define a type of gov
democracyregime in which citizens have basic rights of open association and expression, can change gov through electoral process
authoritarian regimelacks democratic characteristics, ruled by a single leader or small group of leaders
semi authoritarian regimeelections, ruling party has sufficient control of democratic processes to ensure it remains in power.
methods of regime changerevolution- violent upheavals of entire societies; coups d'etat- overthrow old gov; democratic transition
civil societysphere of organized, nongovernment, nonviolent activity by groups, esp interest groups
politicsthe process by which human communities make collective decisions
first dimension of powerability of 1 person or group to get another person or group to do something it otherwise wouldn't.
second dimension of powerthe ability to keep people from doing one thing and make them do another thing
third dimension of powerability to shape or determine individual or group political demands by causing people to think about political issues in ways that are contrary to their own interests.
empirical theoryan arguement explaining what actually occurs,
normative theory arguement explaining what ought to occur rather than what does occur
most similar systems designselects cases that are alike in a number of ways but differ on a key question under examination
most different systems designlooks at countries that differ in many ways but are similar in terms of particular political process or outcome in which the research is interested.
quantitative statistical techniquesuses numbers on many cases and compares

Section 2

Question Answer
characteristics of the state territory, external and internal sovereignty, legitimacy, bureaucracy
legitimacy recogized right to rule
internal sovereigntycontrol within borders, usually through force
traditional legitimacyright to rule based on culture
charismatic legitimacyright to rule based on good characteristics
rational-legal legitimacybalance of leader and law
failed stateloses its sovereignty over part or all of its territory
resource cursestate relies on a key resource for almost all of its revenue, allowing it to ignore its citizens
quasi statestates w legal sovereignty and recognition but no domestic attributes of the functioning state
germanyfirst wellfare state bc otto von bismark wanted the social democratic party to shut up, then ww1, then democracy, then nazis in ww2, now west and east split
ukindustrialization made it good
braziluneven econ development, corruption
indiagained independence from britain, now there is democracy but other problems like relig and corruption exist
nigeriaethnic militia threatens internal democratic gov sovereignty, corruption and bureaucratic inefficiency
clinetelismexchange of goods and services for political support

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