Pol sci 6 outlines

eshapeesha's version from 2015-12-10 04:13


Question Answer
1. India was once a British colony, and based its electoral system on the British system. Both also have a parliamentary government at the national level and therefore have a prime minister. However, many other differences between the two countries affect the ability of the chief executive to successfully advance a program of domestic policy through parliament. Discuss three such differences between India and the United Kingdom. Overall, which prime minister do you think is most powerful, and why? (80% for specific analysis of India versus the U.K.; 20% for the argument about which prime minister is most powerful)thesis- bc of fragmented parties in india, there is less focus on cabinets and methods of gaining support are different from britain leading to india having weaker prime minister. support- checks different, india goes through local leading to straying from coalition, india focused on creating coalitions. cabinets- india has less value bc decentralization, 1/3 indian mps are corrupt
2. Outside of Western Europe, the success rate of stable democracy varies widely. In the Americas, 68% of all countries qualify as free, versus 41% of the Asia Pacific region countries, 20% of SubSaharan Africa countries, and only 11% of countries in the Middle East. Based on what you know about theories of democratic stability and the facts provided to you below, what two theories best explain these patterns? You MUST discuss at least three world regions in your answer (20 points for each world region). You should also talk (more briefly) about why the theories you did NOT choose didn’t make the cut. You should pick the SAME two theories to explain all three world regions: this is an exercise in generalizability. However, a factor’s presence in one region versus its absence in another may explain success versus failure.5 theories are- developmental, modernization, culture and society, inequality, democracy as a negotiated outcome, demonstration effect. thesis- based on subsaharan africa, asian pacific, and latin america, modernization theory and culture and society theory work best to explain success of democracies.