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Pluralism of Style (19th Century)

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raven71702's version from 2016-05-06 02:12

Romanticism (Neoclassic Romanticism)

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What was La Madeleine in Paris intended for?a temple for glory for Napoleon's armies and a monument to the newly won glories of France
Name the artists patronized by Napoleon.Pierre Vignon
What style would Greenough be associated with?Neoclassic Romanticism
Characterize Romanticism.Extreme, painful emotions. Romantic artists wanted to excite the emotions of the audience.
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Neoclassicism

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Name the leading proponent of the "Poussiniste" style in the nineteenth century.Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
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Romanticism

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What is Romanticism?A Western cultural phenomenon, beginning around 1750 and ending about 1850, that gave precedence to feeling and imagination over reason and though. It labels the art movement that flourished from about 1800-1840.
What does Gericault's Raft of the Medusa represent?The survivors of the French ship Medusa, which sank in 1816 due to mismanagement. It was a scandel when the survivors told their story.
What style would Delacroix be associated with?Romanticism
The great "Romantic dialogue" about color and form was carried on in the famous contest between which two artists?Delecroix, Ingres
Which artist said: "true art could be understood only through the deepest mystical experience of religion"?Runge
What style would Friedrich be associated with?Romantic transcendental landscape
Name the practitioners of the Romantic transcendental landscape.Philipp Otto Runge
Describe the late paintings of Turner.Freely brushed, painterly
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Hudson River School

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What is The Hudson River School?This is a group of nineteenth century American landscape painters who worked in the eastern United States; Thomas Cole was one of them.
Name an artist who worked in America?Thomas Cole
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Romanticism (English School)

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Who was the landscape painter whose goal was to create a landscape of "fact" and who stated that he wanted to show that "our profession as painters is scientific as well as poetic"?John Constable
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Romanticism (France)

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What does Francois Rude's sculpture La Marseillaise for the Arc de Triomphe represent?a call to arms, spurs patriots of all ages
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Gothic and Classical Revival Style, Revival Styles

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Besides Strawberry Hill, name three structures which are examples of revival styles.The Houses of Parliament, the Royal Pavilion, The Opera
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Realism-Photography

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What important processes were announced by Louis Daguerre and Henry Fox talbot in 1839?the daguerreotype
What is a daguerreotype?an early type of photograph
What technical innovations profoundly affected nineteenth century artists?the camera, mass-produced print, printed reproduction
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Realism

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What is realism?The movement that emerged in mid-19th century France. Its artists represented the subject matter of everyday life, especially that which up until then had been considered inappropriate for depiction, in a reletively naturalistic mode.
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Realism-Barbizon School

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What style would Millet be associated with?Realism
What was the primary interest of the Barbizon school?Dignify the working class/lower class
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Realism

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What venues were most Honore Daumier's graphic works intended for?the popular press
What sorts of scenes did Courbet prefer to paint?the working class and ordinary landscapes
Which artists were most concerned with painting realistic scenes of poor and oppressed peoples?Millet, Daumier, Courbet
What style would Eakins be associated with?Realism
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English-Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood

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What group of 19th-century English artists tried to apply the techniques of Realism to fictional to fictional, historical, literary themes (fanciful subjects), refusing to be limited to contemporary scenes?the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
Name the Pre-Raphaelites.Millas, Edward Burne-Jones
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Pictorial Style in Photography

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Who was one of the leading practitioners of the Pictorial style in photography around the turn of the century?Gertrude Kasebier
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Impressionism

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Which is the late 19th century art movement that sought to capture a fleeting moment, thereby conveying a fleeting moment, thereby conveying the illusiveness and impermanence of images and conditions?Impressionism
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Woodblock Print

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List characteristics of Japanese woodcut prints that influenced nineteenth-century European art.Spatial organization; familiar, intimate themes; flat, unmodeled color areas
What artistic style created vibrant effects of light through the juxtaposition of bits of pure color?Impressionism
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Impressionism...But

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What is Japonisme?the French fascination with all thingsJapanese in the latter half of the 19th century
What style would Degas be associated with?Impressionism
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American Impressionism

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What does Mary Cassatt demonstrate a keen interest for in her work?women and children
What style would Mary Cassatt be associated with?Impressionism
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Impressionism

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What style would Monet be associated with?Impressionism
What style would Pissarro be associated with?Impressionism
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Post-Impressionism

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How does Georges Seurat differ from the Impressionist painters?more pain-staking, emotional affect with color
What is a system of painting devised by the 19th-century French painter Georges Seurat? The artist separates color into its component parts and then applies the component colors to the canvas in tiny dots. The image becomes comprehensible only from a distance, when the viewer's eye optically blends the pigment dots. It is sometimes referred to as divisionism.Pointilism
What types of subjects were Paul Cezanne and Claude Lorraine famous for?landscapes
Who said: "I want to make of Impressionism something solid and lasting like the art in the museums"?Cezanna
How did Cezanna seek to paint nature (in terms of )?structure, color
Who said: "Instead of trying to reproduce exactly whatI have before my eyes, I use color more arbitrarily so as to express myself forcibly...I have tried to express the terrible passions of humanity by means of reds and greens..."?Vincent Van Gogh
What is meant by fin de siecle?it literally means, end of century. (bad feeling)
Name the artist who used acid colors, oblique and asymmetrical compositions, and stron patterns of line to portray the nightlife of Paris. Henri de Toulousse-Lautrec
Who are the post-Impressionists?Seurat, Cezanna, Toulousse-Lautrec, Van Gogh, Gauguin
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Symbolism

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What is a late 19th century movement based on the idea that the artist was not an imitator of nature, but a creator who transformed the facts of nature into a symbol of the inner experience of the fact?Symbolism
What is the avant-garde?refers to the late 19th and 20th century artists who emphasized innovation and challenged conventions
What were students in the nineteenth-century art academics encouraged to do?encouraged to draw from plaster casts, draw from nude models, and visit museums
What style would Moreau be associated with?Symbolism
What is Art Noveau?An art movement whose proponents tried to synthesize all the arts and tried to create art based on natural forms. They saught art that could be mass-produced by the artists of the Industrial Age.
Which of the artists painted landscapes in the naive style, as he was formally untrained?Henri Rousseau
Extreme subjectivity and the need to see through reality to a deeper reality were most typical of which style?Symbolism
Which artists are considered to be Symbolists?Moreau, Redon, Beardsley, Rousseau, Ensor, Munch, Ryder
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Architecture

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Which revolution had the greatest effect on the new developments in late nineteenth-century architecture?The Industrial Revolution (equaling iron, steel, labor)
What was the major significance of the materials and structural techniques used in the Crystal Palace?Pre-fabricated parts which means you can put it anywhere and do it quickley; honesty; paves the way for the structures like the Eiffel Tower.
Which architects are famous for experimentation with iron structural supports?Labrouste, Paxton, Eiffel
What is the most important feature of Sullivan's Prudential Building that distinguishes it from earlier structures?subdivisions of the interior are expressed yesterday
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