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Physiology Labs Week 1

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bethdrysdale94's version from 2017-01-14 15:36

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Question Answer
What are the seven variables in the Framingham Algorithm?Age, Total chol, HDL chol, SBP, BP medication history, Diabetes, Smoking status
What is FEV1?Volume of air exhaled during forced expiration in the first second
What is FVC?The total volume of air forcibly exhaled in one breath
What results suggest an abnormality from spirometry?FEV1 or FVC <80% of expected value, or FEV1/FVC ratio less than 0.7
What factors does the Q-Risk2 score include that framingham doesnt?Ethnicity, FH of premature CHD, Deprivation, BMI, RArthritis, CKD, AF
Why does Q-Risk2 include socio-economic status?CVD risk closely associated with SE status, more deprived areas have a higher risk. Use of equations without SE status may exacerbate inequalities in CVD
Why does Q-risk only assess between 25-84 years of age?84+ yo generally have a risk of over 20% and so QRISK isnt useful at identifying high risk patients at this age. Below 25 are considered low risk
What is the townsend deprivation score?Postcode used to identify four factors; unemployment, overcrowding, lack of owner occupied accom, lack of car ownership.
What is AF and why is it included in QRisk2?AF = fluttering of atria due to improper electrical conduction, causing regularly irregular heartrate and pooling of blood which can cause clots, therefore is a risk for CVD so should be included in a risk calculation
What is the PAR-Q?Self-administered tool to help individuals determine their readiness to participate in exercise
What is asked about in the PAR-Q? (seven things)known heart condition AND only do exercise recommended by doctor, chest pain during PA, chest pain at rest in past month, dizziness or loss of conciousness, bone or joint problem that could be made worse by PA, antihypertensives or cardiac drugs, any other reason you should not exercise.
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