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Physical Geography Chapter 7

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drewcallahan123's version from 2017-10-25 01:54

Section

Question Answer
Climate Regionssystem for classifying different climate types based on numerical data like monthly, seasonal and annual precipitation to create a geographical map of a region.
Thornthwaite SystemSystem of classifying climates that determines moisture availability or shortages at a sub-regional scale.
Potential Evapotranspirationthe water amount that the combination of evaporation and transpiration would transfer to the atmosphere with an unlimited water supply.
Actual Evapotranspirationthe actual amount of water lost to evaporation and transpiration at a location.
Koppen SystemA widely used classification system based on regional patterns of seasonal temperature and precipitation.
Humid Tropical Climateone of the six major climate categories of the Köppen system based on temperature characteristics and having adequate moisture. A CLIMATE
Humid Mesothermal Climateone of the six major climate categories, mild winter, of the Köppen system based on temperature characteristics and having adequate moisture. C CLIMATE
Humid Microthermal Climateone of the six major climate categories, cold winter, of the Köppen system based on temperature characteristics and having adequate moisture. D CLIMATE
Climographgraph that displays a region’s climate by using monthly temperatures and rainfall averages.
BiomesEarth’s major terrestrial ecosystems.
Tropical Rainforest Climateclimate characterized by high temperatures, humidity and yearround rainfall.
Tropical MonsoonClimate that is characterized by a distinct wet and dry season, in sharp contrast to the persistent rainfall of rainforests.
Annual Temperature RangeThe difference between the average temperatures of the warmest and coolest months of the year.
Daily Temperature RangeThe difference between the highest and lowest temperatures of the day.
Broad Leaf TreesTrees that have wide leaves instead of needles.
EvergreenTrees that do not lose their leaves throughout seasons.
LianasWoody vines that climb tree trunks and intertwine in the canopy in their search for light.
EpiphytesNon parasitic plants that can grow on tree trunks and derive nutrients from water and plant debris that fall from higher levels.
JungleA dense tangle of vines and smaller trees that develops in tropical forests where direct sunlight reaches the ground.
Slash and BurnMethod of subsistence agriculture in which people cut down trees, burn them and plant crops on the soil until it loses its fertility.
Tropical Savanna Climate-warm, semidry climate that promotes tall grasslands.
Savannatropical vegetation consisting primarily of coarse grasses associated with scattered low-growing trees.
Deciduous TreesTrees that drop their leaves in either a dry or cold period.
Desert Climateclimate where the amount of precipitation received is less than one half of the potential evapotranspiration
Steppe Climateclimate characterized by middle-latitude semiarid vegetation, often treeless and dominated by short bunch grasses.
XerophyticVegetation that is well adapted to extreme drought.
Mediterranean Climateclimate type characterized by warm, dry summers and cool, moist winters.
SclerophyllousHard leafed and drought resistant.
ChaparralLow, scrubby bushes that grow together in a thick tangle.
Humid Subtropical Climateclimate extending inland from conti- nental east coasts between 15° and 20° and 40°N and S latitude.
Marine West Coast ClimateClimate type characterized by cool wet conditions most of the year.
Needle Leaf Evergreen TreesTrees with very thin pointed leaves that are shaped like needles.
ConifersCone-bearing trees.
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