Phylum Characteristics Hargraves

huxonitu's version from 2016-12-01 00:04

Section 1

Question Answer
Porifera organs and tissues?None
Porifera symmetryAsymmetrical
What is porifera's skeleton made of?Spicules
3 type of porifera spiculesCalcareous, Siliceous, Spongin
Porifera evolved from?Choanoflagellates
Where does water enter and exit sponges?Ostia and Osculum respectively
What is the central cavity of sponges?Spongocoel

Section 2

Question Answer
What are Cnidaria's stinging cells and organelle called?Cnidoblast with nematocyst
Blasty of Cnidaria?Diploblastic
What do you call the upside down cup with tentacles form of Cnidaria?Medusa
What do you call the sessile form of Cnidaria?Polyp
Cnidaria symmetryRadial
Cnidaria circulatoryNone
Cnidaria Respdiffusion
Cnidaria Digestiveincomplete
Cnidaria Excretorydiffusion
Cnidaria Reprodioecious or asexual budding

Section 3

Question Answer
What phyla are in lophotrochozoan clade?Platyhelminthes, Mollusca, Rotifers, Annelida
What are lophophores?Crown of ciliated tentacles
What are trochophores?Ciliated larvae
What is ecdysis?Molting, shedding protective exoskeleton
What phyla did we study in Ecysozoans?Nematoda, Arthropoda
Which phyla are deuterostomes?Echinodermata, Hemichordata, Chordata
Blasty of deuterostomes?Triploblastic
Coelom of deuterostomes?Eucoelomates

Section 4

Question Answer
What is the common name of Phylum Platyhelminthes?flatworms
Platyhelminthes symmetry?bilateral
Platyhelminthes blasty?triploblastic
Platyhelminthes coelem?Acoelomate
Platyhelminthes Blastopore fateProtostome(mouth)
Platyhelminthes circulatorynone
Platyhelminthes respiratorydiffusion
Platyhelminthes excretionprotonephridia
Platyhelminthes digestionincomplete
Platyhelminthes repromonoecious

Section 5

Question Answer
Phylum rotifera blastytriploblastic
Rotifera coelom?pseudocoelomate
Rotifera blastopore fateprotostome
Rotifera circulatorynone
Rotifera respiratorydffusion
Rotifera digestivecomplete
Rotifera excretoryprotonephridia
Rotifera reprodioecious

Section 6

Question Answer
Mollusca symmetrybilateral
Mollusca blastytriploblastic
Mollusca blastopore fateprotostome
Mollusca coelomeucoelomate
Mollusca region containing feeding, locomotion structuresHead-foot region
Mollusca region containing dig, resp, circ, reproVisceral-mass region
Mollusca circulatoryopen (except cephalopods)
Mollusca respgills
Mollusca digestivecomplete
Mollusca excretorymetanephridia
Mollusca reprodioecious

Section 7

Question Answer
Annelida coelomeucoelomate
Annelida symmetrybilateral
Annelida blastytriploblastic
Annelida blastopore fateprotostome
Annelida circulatoryclosed (5 hearts)
Annelida respcutaneous respiration
Annelida excretorymetanephridia
Annelida digestivecomplete (crop and gizzard too)
Annelida repromonoecious

Section 8

Question Answer
Nematoda coelompseudocoelomates
Nematoda symmetrybilateral
Nematoda blastytriploblastic
Nematoda blastopore fateprotostome
Nematoda circulatorynone
Nematoda respdiffusion
Nematoda excretoryglands/tubules open to midventral pore
Nematoda digestivecomplete
Nematoda reprodioecious
Species of nematode we dissectedAscaris sp.
Ascaris sp sexually dimorphic?yes
How can male/female ascaris be distinguished?Female larger, male has tail crook and copulatory spicules

Section 9

Question Answer
Arthropoda coelomeucoelomates
Arthropoda symmetrybilateral
Arthropoda blastytriploblastic
Arthropoda blastopore fateprotostome
Arthropoda circulatoryopen system
Arthropoda respgills, tracheae/spiracles, book lungs, body surface
Arthropoda excretory crustaceansgreen glands
Arthropoda excretory insectsmalpighian tubules
Arthropoda digestivecomplete
Arthropoda reprodioecious
Grasshopper type of metamorphosisIncomplete
Butterfly type of metamorphosisComplete
What are tagmatabody regions in Arthropoda
What is an ovipositortubular organ through which female deposits eggs in grasshopper
Are grasshoppers sexually dimorphic?Yes, female has ovipositor
Grasshopper crop function?Food storage
Grasshopper gizzard function?Grinding organ

Section 10

Question Answer
Echinodermata symmetryradial
Echinodermata coelomeucoelomates
Echinodermata blastytriploblastic
Echinodermata circulatoryreduced hemal system
Echinodermata blastopore fatedeuterostome
Echinodermata respwater vascular system
Echinodermata excretorywater vascular system
Echinodermata digestivecomplete
Echinodermata reprodioecious
What is the opening of the water vascular system?Madreporite
In Echinodermata what is the special system used for locomotion, feeding, gas exchange?Water vascular system
What is the function of ampullaePart of water vascular system involved in locomotion, connects with tube feet

Section 11

Question Answer
What are the 4 characteristics of Phylum Chordata?1. Notochord, 2. Dorsal nerve cord, 3. Pharyngeal pouches, 4. Postanal tail

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