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Phonics

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mucedide's version from 2017-04-10 16:51

Section 1

Question Answer
ContractionThe combination of two words into a single word in which an apostrophe denotes one or more missing letters.
Inflectional SuffixA unit of meaning added to the end of a word that changes its number, affects verb tense, indicates possession, or denotes comparison.
Derivational Suffix A unit of meaning added to the end of a word that changes the meaning and may change the part of speech.
Open Syllable Ends in a vowel phoneme.
Closed SyllableEnds in a consonant phoneme.
SyllableThe unit of pronounciation, must contain only one vowel phoneme.
Rime The vowel and consonant letter(s) that follow the vowel in a syllable.
OnsetOne or more consonants that precede the vowel phoneme in a syllable.
Vowel DigraphA two-letter vowel grapheme that represents one sound.
Consonant DigraphA two-letter consonant grapheme that represents a phoneme not represented by single letters.
GraphemeThe written representation of a phoneme.
Schwa SoundA vowel phoneme in an unaccented syllable that represents the soft "uh" sound.
R-Controlled VowelA vowel followed by the letter r in a syllable or word that affects the pronounciation of the vowel.
DiphthongA vowel phoneme resembling a glide from one sound to another.
Consonant BlendA combination of two or more consonants that are blended together but maintain their individual sounds.
Phonemic AwarenessThe understanding that individual phonemes can be blended into meaningful words and words can be segmented into sounds.
PhonemeThe smallest usit of sound that distinguishes one word from another.
PhonicsThe study of the relationship between the letters of the alphabet and the sounds in spoken language.
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Section 2

Question Answer
Y & W as vowels in the middle or end of a word or syllable, w always follows another vowel
Y & W as consonantswhen they come at the beginning of a word or syllable
Hard C & Gwhen the letter is followed by a, o or u
Soft C & G when the letter is followed by e, i or y
CVC PatternShort vowel sound
CVCe Patternfirst is long, e is silent
“when two vowels go walking, the first one does the talking?”1st is long, 2nd is silent
R-Controlledthe vowel is followed by an “r”
When adding “ing” to say, do you change the y to i? Why?no, do not change y to i when preceded by a vowel
What does every syllable have to contain?one vowel phoneme
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