Create
Learn
Share

Philosophy Exam #4

rename
rosesarered's version from 2016-04-05 14:49

Section 1: How Do We Know What is Right and Wrong?

Question Answer
Christian TheismEthics is transcendent and is based on the character of God as good (holy and loving).
DeismEthics is limited to general revelation; because the universe is normal, it reveals what is right.
NihilismHow can one connect what is with what ought to be, that is that moral values have no bases?
NaturalismEthics is related only to human beings.
Atheistic ExistentialismEthics is related only to human beings. In full recognition of and against the absurdity of the objective world, the authentic person must revolt and create value.
Theistic ExistentialismEthics is transcendent and is based on the character of God as good (holy and loving). The personal is the valuable. Knowledge is subjectivity; the whole truth is often paradoxical.
Eastern Pantheistic MonismTo realize one's oneness with the cosmos is to pass beyond good and evil; the cosmos is perfect at every moment.
New AgeThe core experience of the New Age is cosmic consciousness, in which ordinary categories of space, time, and morality tend to disappear.
PostmodernismEthics, like knowledge, is a linguistic construct. Social good is whatever society takes it to be.
memorize

Section 2: What is the Meaning of Human History?

Question Answer
Christian TheismHistory is linear, a meaningful sequence of events leading to the fulfillment of God's purpose for humanity.
DeismHistory is linear, for the course of the cosmos was determined at creation.
NihilismHistory is a linear system of events linked by cause and effect but without an overarching purpose.
NaturalismHistory is a linear system of events linked by cause and effect but without an overarching purpose.
Atheistic ExistentialismHistory is a linear system of events linked by cause and effect but without an overarching purpose. The highly wrought and tightly organized objective world stands over against human beings and appears absurd.
Theistic ExistentialismHistory as a record of events is uncertain and unimportant, but history as a model or type or myth to be made present and lived is of supreme importance.
Eastern Pantheistic MonismTo realize one's oneness with the One is to pass beyond time. Time is unreal. History is cynical.
New AgeThe core experience of the New Age is cosmic consciousness, in which categories of space, time, and morality tend to disappear.
PostmodernismThe cutting edge of culture is literary theory.
memorize

Recent badges