Create
Learn
Share

PHILO 4th QTR

rename
baejuhyeoned's version from 2017-03-09 16:58

Section 1

Question Answer
Deathis the cessation of life
DeathIt is the Wall of life …opposite of life
resurrectionis the immortality of the soul
Martin Heideggersaid that the human being cannot achieve a complete or meaningful life, or any kind of "authentic existence," unless he or she comes to terms with temporality
The awareness of deathis a central beginning for understanding this temporality
the awareness and acceptance of death is a requirement for authentic existence.
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
Debate is an extended argument
Debate Two groups of people dispute whether a statement is true or false.
Debate is a method of formally presenting an argument in a structured manner. Through logical consistency, factual accuracy and some degree of emotional appeal to the audience are elements in debating, where one side often prevails over the other party by presenting a superior "context" and/or framework of the issue.
(1) to teach skills to students, (2) to research a topic, (3) work as a team, (4) practice public speaking skills, (5) use critical thinking skills, (6) Helps in making informed judgments 6 Importance of Debate
(1) Proposition of Fact, (2) Proposition of Value, (3) Proposition of PolicyThree types of statements that are suitable for argumentation:
Propositions of factsDebates of this sort hinge on whether something is true or false.
Propositions of factsSimplest form of debate
Propositions of factsdisputed in courts of law
Proposition of Valuesuggests the relative worth of one or more things
Proposition of Valuefactual propositions buried within them
Proposition of Policyconcern what we as a society ought to do.
Proposition of Policyare often used in academic debate.
Proposition of Policyquestions always contain the word "should."
(1) Lincoln-Douglas debate, (2) Rebuttal debate, (3) One-Rebuttal type of debate, (4) Oregon-Oxford debate/Cross-question debateKinds of Debates
Lincoln-Douglas debatealso called as the two men debate
Lincoln-Douglas debateis a kind of debate where there is only one speaker in the side of the affirmative as well as in the side of the negative.
Lincoln-Douglas debateThe speaker in the affirmative side opens the debate then followed by the negative speech.
Rebuttal debateis a kind of debate where each team from the affirmative and the negative side is composed of about two or three members.
Rebuttal debateAs the debate starts, the affirmative speaker opens the constructive speech and the negative speaker starts the rebuttal
Rebuttal debateEvery speaker is allowed to deliver a rebuttal speech. debate is closed with the affirmative side delivering the last rebuttal.
One-Rebuttal type of debatemodified form of the Lincoln-Douglas type of debate.
One-Rebuttal type of debatethere are about two to three members in both the affirmative and the negative side.
One-Rebuttal type of debateall of the speakers have a chance to refute the argument of the opponent with the exception of the first affirmative speaker who is given the opportunity to close the debate in his or her rebuttal speech.
Oregon-Oxford debateAllows two to three speakers in both the affirmative or negative side.
Oregon-Oxford debateIn this kind of debate, the first speaker in the affirmative side delivers the entire affirmative case.
Oregon-Oxford debateAfter the delivery, the first affirmative speaker will be interpellated by the first speaker of the negative side.
(1) Form debating groups, (2) Submission of argumentative statements, (3) Posting of Debate (Posters), (4) Date: time, place, group name, topic, format4 Preparation on debate
memorize

Section 3

Question Answer
Colonialismis a practice of domination, which involves the subjugation of one people to another.
ColonusColonialism came from the latin word ________, meaning farmer
(1) Civilization, (2) Christianity, (3) CommerceWhite Man’s Burden” consisted of the “Three C’s of Colonialism
CivilizationThe idea of this is “the triumph and development of reason, not only in the constitutional, political, and administrative domains, but in the moral, religious, and intellectual spheres… the essence of French achievements compared to the uncivilized world of savages, slaves, and barbarians”
White Man’s Burdena term popularized in Rudyard Kipling’s poem to morally justify imperialist expansion.
White Man’s BurdenIt was Kipling’s belief that Africans must be pulled toward the “light” in order to see the error of their, in his view, savage nature.
Berlin ConferenceIn 1884, the _________ ______ marked the official beginning of colonialism in Africa.
Christianitywas one justification that European powers used to colonize and exploit Africa.
Christianitywas a guise by which Western governments justified the exploitation and conquest of African nations.
memorize

Section 4

Question Answer
Social & PhilosophyEtymology (origin) of the word Social Philosophy
SOCIALThe word Social is derived from the Latin word socii allies literally “COMPANION
Philosophy comes from two Greek word philo and sophia which can be translated as LOVE and WISDOM. Thus, "LOVE OF WISDOM
Philosophy search for meaning
Philosophy of Social Sciences is UNDERSTANDING SOCIETY
Social philosophy is the study of man in relation to the family, the state, church, economics, education, social classes class .
Social philosophy It introduces man to know himself why he existed.
(1) Social behaviour, (2) Interpretations of society, (3) Ethical values, (4) Legal, (5) Moral, (6) Cultural questions, (7) Development of theoretical frameworks, (8) Social ethics, (9) Theories of democracy, (10) Rights, (11) Gender equity, (12) Global justice, (13) Cultural relativism13 Social philosophy is the study of social
SocietyA complex people engaged in role relationship and pooled together through communication geared towards unity.
SocietyIt is regarded as a social environment comprising the aggregate, total of people of different backgrounds, aspiration, abilities and personalities.
(1) Family, (2) Education, (3) Church, (4) Economics, (5) State, (6) Social ClassSix Social Institutions (FECESS)
Social Institution a social unit integral to the organization and functioning of society
Social Institution to provide the needs of society
Social Institution to ensure the survival of man
FAMILYbasic social unit-building block of society.
FAMILYto provide basic needs and wants
FAMILYto protect
FAMILYto sustain
FAMILYfor child-rearing
FAMILYPrimary vehicle for acculturation of young
(1) Nuclear, (2) Extended, (3) Single parent, (4) Non traditional4 Types of Family
Nuclear Familycompose of mother and father and siblings
Extended Family compose of nuclear grandparents, aunt and uncle
Single-parent familymother/father and children
Non traditional family Having gay parents
FAMILYMost Important Social Institution
CHURCHinstitutionalized system of religious beliefs, attitudes, and practices
CHURCHit transmits and sustains culture
CHURCHit teaches and enforces pro-social behaviours
CHURCHit provides a belief system
CHURCHit organizes the individuals’ perspective on the world
(1) Polytheism, (2) Monotheism, (3) Atheist3 Different Types Of Religions:
Polytheisma belief in many gods.
PolytheismEx. Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism
Monotheisma belief in only one God
MonotheismEx. Judaism, Islam, Christianity
Atheistagnostic, non-believer, doubter
Atheistcommunism, scientist,
STATEpolitical organization authorized to formulate public policies and conduct affairs of state
STATEregulates behaviour of individuals to reduce conflict and maximize cooperation.
STATEgovernment exists to provide for the general welfare of all.
(1) Democracy, (2) Oligarchy, (3) Monarchy3 Form of Government:
Democracya government that is run by representative vote of the people
Oligarchya government which power is in the hands of the few
Monarchya state or nation which is power is in the hands of a king
EDUCATIONa process of educating and learning.
EDUCATIONA formal way society acculturates its young
EDUCATIONfor the survival of culture
EDUCATIONfor citizenship
EDUCATIONfor learning the way of life
Puritandrill, recite, memorize
Progressiveactive engagement
Inquirylearn
ECONOMICSit deals with the allocation of scarce resources the production and distribution of goods
ECONOMICSprovides the means for society to manage its resources in production, distribution, and utilization.
SOCIAL CLASSClass structure of society
SOCIAL CLASSOrganizes people and apportions power resources and responsibilities
(1) The Six Social Institutions provide for the basic needs of society, (2) All societies have the 6 Social Institutions, (3) The Social Institutions ensure human survival and continuity.3 Building Blocks of Civilization
(1) Irrigation, (2) Population growth, (3) Circumscription, (4) War, (5) Local and long-distance tradeTheories about the Rise and Fall of Society (empires)
IrrigationEx. Mesopotamia, Nile, Pasig. Society overgrowth of administration of the requirements of irrigation system
Population growthEx. Growth creates unlimited needs.
CircumscriptionEx. Physical barriers, social barrier, geographical barrier.
WarEx. Territory, environmental degradation, natural resources, greed, hatred, political ambition
Local and long-distance tradestimulated bureaucratic growth; requires organizational requirements to sustain activity
(1) Paleolithic/Old Stone, (2) Neolithic/New Stone. (3) Pastoral Society/Bronze Age, (4) Agrarian Society, (5) Industrial Society, (6) Digital Age6 Types of Society
(1) The opening of the Philippines to world trade-laizzez faire (free trade) vs mercantilism, (2) Opening of Suez Canal in 1869, (3) The rise of middle class, (4) The clamor of the secular vs regulars priest, (5) Spanish Revolution in Spain 1868, (6) The influx of liberal ideas abroad, (7) The democratic government of Gov. Gen. Carlos dela Torre vs despotic Gov. Gen, Rafael de Izquiriedo, (5)The martyrdom of Father Gomez, Burgos, and Zamora5 Reasons that brought about social change in the Philippines 18th century:
(1) Evolutionary theory, (2) Conflict theory, (3) Cyclical theory, (4) Structural-FunctionalTheories of Social Change:
Evolutionary theorySociety evolves from simple to complex and advance form
Evolutionary theoryby Herbert Spencer, English philosopher, revolutionary theorist
Conflict theory societies progress as opposed groups struggle to improve their lot. Capitalist vs masses
Conflict theory theory by Karl Max, German thinker
Cyclical theory Decay is inevitable. Society is born, matures, and dies
Cyclical theory Theory by Oswald Spengler, pessimistic cyclical theorist
Structural-FunctionalBalance system of institutions. Social institutions are: Family, church, state, education, economics, and social class.
Structural-FunctionalSocial change as a process thru which societies in a given period, lose, and gain their equilibrium and stability.
Structural-FunctionalBy Talcott Parsons, American sociologist
memorize

Section 5

Question Answer
GriefIs an encompassing response (physical, psychological, cognitive, and behavioral experiences) after the loss of significant person, object, belief, or relationship.
MourningIs a socially conventional bereavement behavior after the death of significant other.
Anticipatory Grief:Is the characteristic pattern of responses a person makes in the impending (real or Imagined loss)
Bereavement:Is the state of desolation resulting from a loss.
(1) Denial, (2) Anger, (3) Bargaining, (4) Depression, (5) Acceptance5 Kubler-Ross Stages of Dying
(1) Protect and provide for physiologic needs (sleep, food) and safety, (2) Role modeling by those who have successfully coped, (3) Establish coping behavior that was successful in the past, (4) Pull support systems by mobilizing existing and identifying new, (5) Allow expression of diverse feeling and emotions, (6) Refer to self-help groups, (7) Expand coping behaviors by introducing new mechanism7 Preparing clients through grief:
(1) Protest, (2) Despair, (3) Denial3 Phases of Separation Anxiety in Infants and Children:
Protestcries and screams inconsolable by others.
Despairchild becomes quiet, does not cry, and is less active. Does not want to eat nor play. Identifies with object for security.
Denialappears adjusted and resumes interest in environment, but actually resigned.
memorize

Section 6