PHASE III - Battles

agbrandt88's version from 2016-07-24 02:44

Section 1

Question Answer
Who gave the order “Damn the torpedoes! Full speed ahead!”David Farragut, Navy’s first admiral
Torpedo was the name used at the time for mines (T/F)T
How did Farragut get beyond the shore-based guns?A successful run through a minefield that had just claimed one of his ironclad monitors
Farragut reduced the Confederate fleet to a single vessel, the _____.CSS Tennessee
Tennessee did not then retire, but...engaged the entire Northern fleet
After the CSS Tennessee was reduced to nothing, the three forts surrendered within ___.days
This victory closed the South’s most important port and...tightened the Union blockade.

Section 2

Question Answer
When was Commodore George Deway’s seizure of Manila Bay in the Philippines?May 1, 1898
What was Commodore George Deway’s famous quote from Manila Bay?“You may fire when you are ready, Gridley.”
Deway’s resounding victory destroyed Spain’s naval power in the east and was instrumental in...quickly ending the war
Commodore George Dewey engaged and destroyed the Spanish Pacific Squadron under_____.Admiral Patricio Montojo
Americans living on the West Coast of the United States feared a Spanish attack at the outbreak of the Spanish–American War. Only a few U.S. Navy warships, led by the __________, stood between them and a powerful Spanish fleetUSS Olympia
Nearly ___ Spanish sailors were killed and ___ Spanish warships wrecked or captured400, 10
No American sailors were killed, how many were wounded?6

Section 3

Question Answer
How many US Navy ships were sunk or damaged at Pearl Harbor?15, including all 8 battleships of Pacific Fleet
______ Navy and Marine Corps personnel were killed or wounded.3,400
What battleship was never raised at Pearl Harbor, and how many casualties came from its loss?USS Arizona. 1,277
The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor was the first attack in history conducted solely from aircraft carriers. (T/F)T
No ____________ were lost during the attack, the Japanese also failed to destroy the __________. The United States declared war on Japan the next day.U.S. carriers. dry docks, fuel storage, and other shore facilities

Section 4

Question Answer
The Battle of Coral Sea was fought, resulting in the end of Japanese advances in_______.the southwest Pacific
This was the first battle where neither ship saw the other. (T/F)T
The battle was fought entirely with aircraft launched from carriers. (T/F)T
What carrier was lost at the Battle of Coral Sea?USS Lexington
With both sides having suffered heavy losses in aircraft and carriers damaged or sunk, the two fleets _________.disengaged and retired from the battle area.
To strengthen their defensive positioning for their empire in the South Pacific, Japanese forces decided to invade and occupy the southeastern Solomon Islands, a plan called ______.Operation MO
The US learned of the Japanese plan through _________ and sent two United States Navy carrier task forces and a joint Australian-American cruiser force.signals intelligence
Who was in command of the Allied force at the Battle of Coral Sea?American Admiral Frank J. Fletcher

Section 5

Question Answer
_________ was considered the turning point in the Pacific theater.Battle of Midway
The Japanese had concentrated on central Pacific with the intention of occupying ______.Midway Island
The four-carrier Japanese task force was met by a U.S. carrier force – Carriers...USS Yorktown, USS Hornet, USS Enterprise.
How did codebreakers aid the American forces?were able to get enough information from decrypted Japanese naval messages that allowed Admiral Nimitz to pre-position his three carriers north of the Midway Atoll, where they ambushed the Japanese when they approached.
Who led the three carriers in the Battle of Midway?Admiral Nimitz
Where did Admiral Nimitz set up to Ambush the Japanese?Midway Atoll
What carrier was lost at the Battle of MidwayUSS Yorktown
Luring the American aircraft carriers into a trap and occupying Midway was part of an overall "barrier" strategy to extend Japan's defensive perimeter, in response to the ______ on Tokyo.Doolittle air raid

Section 6

Question Answer
_________ was the first major offensive and a decisive victory for the Allies in the Pacific theater.Battle of Guadalcanal
With Japanese troops stationed in this section of the _________, U.S. marines launched a surprise attack in ___________ and took control of an air base under construction.Solomon Islands, August 1942
Reinforcements were funneled to the island as a series of __________ unfolded, and both sides endured heavy losses to their warship and sea clashes (over Henderson field)
The Japanese suffered a far greater toll of casualties, forcing their withdrawal from Guadalcanal by ________.February 1943
With the fall of the Guadalcanal, the Southern Solomon Islands came under Allied control and ______ was less in danger.Australia
The only two U.S. Navy admirals to be killed in a surface engagement in the war were lost in this battle, they were...Admiral Norman Scott, Admiral Daniel Callaghan

Section 7

Question Answer
In a last chance effort to salvage the Philippines, the Japanese sent a naval force to attack the U.S. fleet. aka the battle..Battle of Leyte Gulf
The Battle of Leyte Gulf was complete failure for the Japanese, and the...deciding catastrophe for the Imperial Navy
The loss of the Philippines _______ their empire, and the homeland was cut off from its main source of supply from the _____.severed, South
The Battle of Leyte Gulf virtually ended the Japanese Navy’s capacity to fight as an organized force. (T/F)T
The Battle of Leyte Gulf was the largest naval battle in modern history. (T/F)T
The Battle of Leyte Gulf was also the first the time the Japanese used _____.kamikaze fighter pilots
The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) mobilized nearly all of its remaining major naval vessels in an attempt to defeat the Allied invasion but was repulsed by the _______.U.S. Navy's 3rd and 7th Fleets

Section 8

Question Answer
Name two other names for 'The Invasion of Normandy'.Operation Overlord, D-Day
D-Day was the largest ______ in history.amphibious invasion
D-Day was the greatest armada ever assembled to carry out minesweeping, shore bombardment, amphibious operations, and __________.transported supplies/troops
Normandy was a _____ mile beachhead.50 mile
Name the 5 beaches stormed at D-Day.Utah, Omaha, Juno, Gold, Sword Beach
Operation Overlord began the liberation of _______________ from Nazi control.German-occupied northwestern Europe
Hitler placed Field Marshal ______ in charge of fortifying the ATLANTIC WALLRommel
What three countries invaded Normandy?America, Canada, England (156,000 troops)

Section 9

Question Answer
When did Iwo Jima take place?February 19, 1944
It took Marines ____ days of fighting to secure the island of Iwo Jima.26 days
Iwo Jima was strategically important as an air base for fighter escorts supporting long-range bombing missions against _________.mainland Japan
Useless to Army and Navy, but _______ rebuilt landing strips.Seabees
America had upper hand due to superior air power, more forces, and impossible for Japanese to ____.escape
Of the 21,000 Japanese, only ___ taken prisoner.216

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