Pharmacology of the Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Systems

bjtmeyer's version from 2016-09-11 22:05


Question Answer
Calcium Channel BlockersDecrease the entry of calcium in vascular smooth muscle cells
DiureticsIncrease the excretion of sodium and urine
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor agentsDecrease blood pressure and afterload by suppressing a specific enzyme
NitratesDecrease ischemia through smooth muscle relaxation and dilation of peripheral vessels
Alpha adrenergic antagonist agentsReduce peripheral vascular tone causing dilation of arterioles and veins resulting in decreased blood pressure
Beta blocker agentsDecrease myocardial oxygen demand by decreasing heart rate and contractility
Expectorant agentsIncrease respiratory secretions which help to loosen mucus
Anticoagulant agentsInhibit platelet aggregation and thrombus formation
Anti-inflammatory agentsPrevent inflammatory-mediated bronchoconstriction
Positive inotropic agentsIncrease the force and velocity of myocardial contraction, slow the heart rate, and decrease conduction through AV node

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