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Petroleum Refinery Fractions

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lunachem's version from 2016-12-11 16:56

Number of carbon atoms

Name of fractionNumber of carbon atoms
Refinery gas1-4
Gasoline (petrol)5-6
Naphtha6-10
Paraffin (kerosene)10-15
Diesel oil (gas oil)15-20
Fuel oil20-30
Lubricating fraction30-50
Bitumen50 upwards
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Uses

Name of fractionUses
Refinery gasBottled gases for cooking and heating
Gasoline (petrol)Fuel for cars
NaphthaStarting point or feedstock for many chemicals and plastics
Paraffin (kerosene)Jet fuel or fuel for aircraft and lamps
Diesel oil (gas oil)Fuel for diesel engines
Fuel oilFuel for power stations, ships and home heating systems
Lubricating fractionOil for car engines and machinery; waxes and polishes
BitumenFor road surfaces and roofs
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