the oral, anal, phallic, latent, and genital stage
the child seeks sensual pleasure through oral activities such as sucking and chewing; birth to 1 year old
the child seeks sensual pleasure through control of elimination;1 year old to 3 year old
the child seeks sensual pleasure through the genitals.At this stage, the child is both sexually attracted to the opposite-sex parent and hostile toward the same-sex parent, who is seen as a rival. Oedipus complex and Electra complex; 3year old to 6 years old
sexual interests subside and are replaced by interests in other areas such as school, friends, and sports.;6 years old to 12 years old
begins in adolescence, when sexual themes resurface and a person’s life/sexual energy fuels activities such as friendships, art, sports, and careers.;12 years old to 18 years old
at that stage, and will, as an adult, continue to seek sensual pleasure through behaviors related to that stage.
uses various methods to help a patient become aware of his or her unconscious motives, and to gain insight into the emotional issues and conflicts that are presenting difficulties.sometimes referred to as “talk therapy”
involves a relationship between client(not patient)&therapist. the therapist communicates genuineness, unconditional positive
which is an innate drive to maintain and enhance the organism
realizing his or her human potential, as long as no obstacle intervenes.
pioneered the humanistic perspective in psychology, and believed that incongruence between behavior and self-concept causes psychopathology.
is made up of the child’s conscious, subjective perceptions and beliefs about him- or herself.
is to provide an environment that will help clients trust and accept themselves and their emotional reactions, so they can learn and grow from their experiences.
personality is a result of learned behavior patterns based on a person’s environment.
proposing that people begin as blank slates, and that environmental reinforcement and punishment completely determine and individual’s subsequent behavior and personalities.
a person acquires a certain response to a stimulus after that stimulus is repeatedly paired with a second, different stimulus that already produces the desired response. as known as associational learning
behaviors are influenced by the consequences that follow them.