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Period 3 1754-1800

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k18v2's version from 2018-10-27 16:17

Section 1

Question Answer
What intensified between Britain and France in the mid 18th century?Colonial rivalry
What threatened French-Indian trade networks and American Indian autonomy?the growing population of the British colonies / spreading into the interior of North America
How did Britain achieve a major expansion of its territorial holdings?by defeating the French
What set the stage for imperial efforts to raise revenue and consolidate control over colonies ?the tremendous expense of defeating the French
Why did Britain make efforts to raise revenue and consolidate control over the colonies?because of the expense that came with defeating the French, and getting their territory
What was the Impact of the French and Indian War on the American colonies?enforcement of Navigation Acts and the writs of assistance
After the British victory, what did imperial official's attempt?they attempted to prevent colonists from moving westward
What did imperial officials attempts to prevent colonists from moving westward generate? Why?colonial opposition, because native groups sought to trade with Europeans and resist the encroachments of colonists on tribal lands
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Section 2

Question Answer
What were the colonial responses to the British Acts ?it united the colonists against perceived and real constraints on their economic activates and political rights
What did colonial leaders base their calls for resistance to Britain on?based on arguments about the rights of British subjects, individual rights, self-rule, and the Enlightenment influence
Wha twas the efforts for American independence energized by?it was energized by colonial leaders such as B. Franklin, and popular movements that included the political activism of laborers, artisans, and women.
What happened in the face of economic shortages and the British military occupation of some regions?Men and women mobilized in large numbers to provide financial support to the patriot movement.
Why did the Patriot cause succeed?because of the actions of colonial militias and the Continental Army, George Washingtons military leadership, the colonists' ideological commitment and resilience, and assistance sent by European allies
Loyal oppostion/ British strengthsoverwhelming military and financial advantages
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Section 3

Question Answer
What culminated in the Seven Years war?the competition among the British, French, and American Indians for economic and political advantage in North America
How did religious groups and ideas affect American society and political life?
How did ideas about women's rights and gender roles affect society and politics?
What did the ideals that inspired the revolutionary cause reflect?new beliefs about politics, religion, and society that has been developing over 1800
Who found expression in Tomas Paine's Common Sense and the Declaration of Independence?the colonists belief in superiority of republican forms of based on the natural rights of the people.
What happened during and after the revolution?an increase of awareness of inequality
What did an increase of awareness of inequality cause?called for the abolition of slavery and greater political democracy in the new state and government.
What gained popularity in response to woman's participation in the American Revolution and Enlightenment ideas?republican motherhood
What did republican motherhood do?it called on woman to teach republican values with the family and granted a woman a new opportunity in American political culture.
What did the American Revolution and the ideals set forth? What did it inspire?reverberated in France , Haiti, and Latin America ; future independence movements
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Section 4

Question Answer
What happened after declaring independence?American political leaders created new constitutions and declarations of rights that articulated the role of the state and federal governments while protecting individual liberties and limiting both centralized power and excessive popular influence.
What did many new state constitutions place power in and what did they maintain?the hands of the legislative branch and maintained property qualifications for voting and citizenship.
What did the Articles of Confederation unify?newly independent states
What did the Articles of Confederation create?a central government with limited power
What led to a need of a stronger central government after the Revolution?difficulties over international trade, finances, interstate commerce, foreign relations, and internal unrest
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How did delegates from states that participated in the Constitutional Convention compromise and propose a constitution ?: negotiation and collaboration and comprise
Question Answer
What constitution was proposed at the Constitutional Convention?a limited by dynamic central gov embodying federalism and providing for a separation powers between its three branches
What did the Constitutional Convention compromise?the representation of slaves states in Congress and the role of the federal government in regulating both slavery and the slave trade, allowing the prohibition of the international slave trade after 1808.
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In the debate over ratifying the Constitution, Anti-Federalists opposing ratification battled with Federalists, whose principals were articulated in the Federalist Papers (primarily written by Alexander Hamilton and James Madison). Federalists ensured the ratification of the Constitution by promising the addition of a Bill of Rightsthat enumerated individual rights and explicitly restricted the powers of the federal government.

 

During the presidential administrations of George Washington and John Adams, political leaders created institutions and precedents that put the principles of the Constitution into practice.

 

Political leaders in the 1790s took a variety of positions on issues such as the relationship between the national government and the states, economic policy, foreign policy, and the balance between liberty and order. This led to the formation of political parties — most significantly the Federalists, led by Alexander Hamilton, and the Democratic-Republican Party, led by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison.

 

The expansion of slavery in the deep South and adjacent western lands and rising antislavery sentiment began to create distinctive regional attitudes toward the institution.

Section VOcab

Question Answer
French and Indian War
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Impact of the French and Indian War on the American colonies
Writs of assistance