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People's Culture - October 4, 2017

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livametu's version from 2017-10-02 13:41

Concepts

Question Answer
DemocracyRuled by the people
GerontocracyRuled by elders
Rites of passageOnce a young man hits puberty, he will become a functional part of society (learn how to hunt, protect a village).
Caveat EmptorBuyer Beware (usury).
UsuryTo be used, taken advantage of. People (often elders) protecting their village from outside influences.
Schools of MysteryEarliest college (pre-history) that would discuss life’s mysteries. Earth, wind, fire, water. Students would ask questions until they could not think of any more.
ArchaeologyStudy of artifacts. Science of excavation (digging up something to determine content).
Actuarial ScienceUsing information and statistics about you to determine how long you will live
Physical AnthropologyStudying artifacts of ancient people
Low CulturePeople made living off earth, sub-sistance lifestyle (work on land to feel yourself)
High CultureTechnology will help you make advancements
Golden TriangleMen from Europe took Africans and sent them to the Caribbean. There, they worked as slaves on large plantations in warm climate. After the products were produced, they were sent back to England. This creates a triangle shape. Port 2: Africans sent to Brazil to work as slaves. Port 3: Africans sent to North America.
North Atlantic Slave TradeWorst form of slavery in terms of impact on people. Initial movement of men being sent from Britain to Africa. Over time, when the boat comes back, a lot of Africans were captured and then taken to the Caribbeans for plantation work. Products get shipped back to England, thus creating the triangle.
Caribbean SlaveryWere paid and told they could buy their freedom. Slaves started pooling money to earn their freedom much faster, which resulted in the slaves no longer getting paid.
Carolina SlaveryBegan demeaning them and made them lose their self-worth. Began to psychologically break them so they would be easy to control. British.
Louisiana SlaveryThe French. House servants were taught French and wore French clothing. Were taught to believe French is the best.
ColonialismA group of people who conquer other people, motives being the political, economic, religious philosophies.
Political PhilosophyA group of people that conquered or colonized other groups of people.
Economic PhilosophyEntrepreneurism. Going to a new place to start your own business. Make as much as you can and keep as much as you can.
Religious PhilosophySelf-worth is determined through self-determination. Starting a church or building for a certain religion.
CommunalismEverything is owned by the community.
CapitalAnything that can take a permanent value.
CapitalismMeans of production is in the hands of private individuals.
SocialismThe means of production is controlled by the government, but owned by private individuals.
SlaveryPerson rationalizes labor by using people for the purpose of economic gain. (Economic + Rationalization + Usury= Slavery).
SelfA new definition of self. People thought there was a determinism in life, whatever class born into, you can’t escape. After reformation, they realized since God created all, you actually could improve your class if you work hard (Calvinism). Catholic Church embraced Catholicism, creating the Roman Catholic Church.
RationalizationPeople begin to do things more efficiently.
CalvinismWith God you can do anything. Many thought if you were born into poverty, you can’t get out, but Calvinism goes against this.
MarxismThose who control production want to limit the access other people have to it, so they can maximize profit.
Sous SousSaving up money with other people. Slaves used this by moving their money, giving it to one or two people who then bought their freedom. Once the two people were out, they made money faster and bought out the other slaves.
Captains of IndustryEntrepreneurs in charge of slave trade.
“The sun never sets on the British Empire”British Empire takes control of at least one place all over the world (global colonialism).
Labor UnionsGroup that makes sure they get paid fair wages.
BrokerMiddle man between buyer and seller.
Geo-specificImmigration laws that pertain to one place or group of people
“Maroons”Moving yourself and your culture to a new land and living like you were previously.
ScarificationEthnic markings on the face or the body that signified tribes.
SurinamIn South America. Very rich in African culture.
EnclavesAfricans that ran away set up villages that were like the ones in Africa.
Social scienceConcepts are the building blocks.
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Socities

Question Answer
Pre-HistoryPrior to the documentation or record of history.
Folk SocietyA period of time where things were passed down through tradition.
Empire PeriodGroups of people claiming land as their own. Growth when wars between empires occur.
ReformationWhere man moved to government over religion. Pre-existing ideas about man, science, etc. were reformed.
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Folk History

Question Answer
Categorized byGroup, Personality, Family, Economy, Authority, Cooperation, Sex, Youth, Property, Marriage, Usury.
Primary GroupsWorking and living with your family.
Secondary GroupsInformal groups, such as classrooms or games.
Traditional GroupsBeginning to switch, because women are getting more offers to work.
Traditional YouthHas to work in society, specific path to adulthood (rites of passage).
Modern YouthAmbiguous, non-specific path to adulthood.
Traditional PersonalitiesMore prominent focus on a group.
Modern PersonalitiesMore prominent focus on an individual.
Traditional FamilyExtended families.
Impact of institutionalized slavery removed fathers from ownership and fathership of family.
Modern FamilyImmediate / nucleation.
Traditional EconomyCommunalism.
Modern EconomyCapitalism.
Traditional AuthorityElders (gerontocracy -- rule of the elders), women (made powerful decisions).
Modern AuthorityPolitical institution (democracy -- rule of the elders), men (made powerful decisions).
Traditional CooperationGroup.
Modern CooperationNone.
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Development of Cities

Question Answer
Communalmoving from area to area, hunting
Villagesformed after plants and food were found through farming
Small townsmore and more people get sent to the New World
Larger townsmore people start running away
Small citiesfactories and industrialization
Larger citiesEngland is the first nation to have factories and industrialization
Metropolitanmultiple states, countries and areas (Tristate)
Megalopolisnew kind of city emerging today (Northeast)
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Authors

Question Answer
Das KapitalKarl Marx
Industry and EmpireEric Hobsbawm
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of CapitalismMax Weber
Capitalism and SlaveryEric Williams
The Theory of the Leisure ClassThorstein Veblen
Slave and CitizenFrank Tannenbaum
Suppression of the North Atlantic Slave TradeW.E.B. DuBois
The Idea of UsuryBenjamin Nelson
Origins of Private Property and the StateFrederick Engels
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Books

Question Answer
Das KapitalAll social classes should end and everyone should be equal with equal ownership of businesses.
Industry and EmpireOrigin and birth of the Industrial Revolution.
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of CapitalismSource of profound social change; religion is key to modernization.
Capitalism and SlaveryRacism was born out of capitalism and slavery.
The Theory of the Leisure ClassCriticized those who made money from trusts.
Slave and CitizenBook that describes how Caribbean slaves became citizens. Africans were paid and could buy their freedom.
Suppression of the North Atlantic Slave TradeExamined economical ramifications of the slave trade.
The Idea of UsuryIn-depth analysis on Weber's The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism; village culture to small city lifestyle relationships.
Origins of Private Property and the StateDiscusses savagery (using things in its natural form).
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