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Pelvis, Thigh, and Knee

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mellowstar51's version from 2016-08-17 15:46

Section 1

Question Answer
PsoasO- Transverse processes, lateral bodies, and corresponding intervertebral disks of T12-L5; I: Lesser trochanter of the femur
IliacusO- Iliac fossa and ala of sacrum; I- Lesser trochanter of the femur
Rectus femorisO- Anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS); I- Tibial tuberosity via the patellar tendon
SartoriusO- Anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS); I- Medial shaft of the tibia via the pes anserine tendon
Tensor fasciae lataeO- Anterolateral lip of iliac crest: I- Lateral condyle of the tibia via the iliotibial band
Vastus lateralisO- Greater trochanter of the femur, gluteal tuberosity, and proximal, lateral lip of the linea aspera; I- Tibial tuberosity via the patellar tendon
Vastus medialisO- Intertrochanteric line and medial lip of linea aspera of the femur; I- Tibial tuberosity via the patellar tendon
Vastus intermediusO- Proximal two-thirds of anterior shaft of the femur; I- Tibial tuberosity via the patellar tendon
PectineusO- Superior ramus of the pubis; I- Pectineal line of the femur
Adductor brevisO- Outer surface of the inferior ramus of the pubis; I- Pectineal line and proximal part of the medial lip of the linea aspera of the femur
Adductor longusO- Between the pubic crest and symphysis; I- Middle one-third of medial lip of the linea aspera of the femur
GracilisO- Inferior ramus of the pubis; I- Medial shaft of the tibia via the pes anserine tendon
Adductor magnusO- Inferior ramus of the pubis, ramus of the ischium, and ischial tuberosit; I- Medial lip of the linea aspera of the femur, medial supracondylar line, and adductor tubercle
Gluteus maximusO- Posterior iliac rest, sacrum, and sacrotuberous ligament; I- Greater trochanter of the femur, gluteal tuberosity, and lateral tibial condyle via the iliotibial band
Gluteus mediusO- External surface o the ilium between the anterior and posterior gluteal lines; I- Lateral surface of greater trochanter of the femur
Gluteus minimusO- External surface of the ilium between the anterior an dinferior gluteal lines; I- Anterior border of the greater trochanter of the femur
PiriformisO- Anterior surface of sacrum; I- Superior border of greater trochanter of the femur
Superior gemellusO- Ischial spine; I- Medial surface of greater trochanter of the femur
Inferior gemellusO- Ischial tuberosity; I- Medial surface of the greater trochanter of the femur
Obturator internusO- Inferior surface of obturator membrane of ischium; I- Medial surface of greater trochanter of the femur
Obturator externusO- Pubis and ischium, superior and inferior rami; I- Trochanteric fossa of the femur
Quadratus femorisO- Lateral part of ischial tuberosity; I- Between greater and lesser trochanters of the femur
Biceps femorisO- (long head) ischial tuberosity, (short head) lateral lip of linea aspera; I- Head of the fibula
SemimembranosusO- Ischial tuberosity; I- Posteromedial portion of medial tibial condyle
SemitendinosusO- Ischial tuberosity; I- Medial tibial shaft via the pes anserine tendon
PopliteusO- Lateral femoral condyle; I- Proximal posterior surface of the tibia
memorize

 

Question Answer
Quadriceps Femoris GroupRectus femoris, Vastus medialis, Vastus lateralis, Vastus intermedius
HamlstringsBiceps femoris, Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus
GlutealsGluteus maximus, medius, and minimus
Adductor GroupAdductor magnus, Adductor longus, Adductor brevis, Pectineus, Gracilis
Lateral Rotators of the HipPiriformis & Quadratus femoris, Obturator internus & Obturator externus, Gemellus superior & Gemellus inferior
IliopsoasPsoas major and Iliacus (and Psoas minor)
memorize

 

Question Answer
Rectus femorisO- Anterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS); I- Tibial tuberosity via the patellar tendon
Vastus medialisO- Intertrochanteric line and medial lip of linea aspera of the femur; I- Tibial tuberosity via the patellar tendon
Vastus lateralisO- Greater trochanter of the femur, gluteal tuberosity, and proximal, lateral lip of the linea aspera; I- Tibial tuberosity via the patellar tendon
Vastus intermediusO- Proximal two-thirds of anterior shaft of the femur; I- Tibial tuberosity via the patellar tendon
memorize

 

Question Answer
Biceps femorisO- (long head) ischial tuberosity, (short head) lateral lip of linea aspera; I- Head of the fibula
SemitendinosusO- Ischial tuberosity; I- Medial tibial shaft via the pes anserine tendon
SemimembranosusO- Ischial tuberosity; I- Posteromedial portion of medial tibial condyle
memorize

 

Question Answer
Gluteus maximusO- Posterior iliac rest, sacrum, and sacrotuberous ligament; I- Greater trochanter of the femur, gluteal tuberosity, and lateral tibial condyle via the iliotibial band
Gluteus mediusO- External surface o the ilium between the anterior and posterior gluteal lines; I- Lateral surface of greater trochanter of the femur
Gluteus minimusO- External surface of the ilium between the anterior an dinferior gluteal lines; I- Anterior border of the greater trochanter of the femur
memorize

 

Question Answer
Adductor magnusO- Inferior ramus of the pubis, ramus of the ischium, and ischial tuberosit; I- Medial lip of the linea aspera of the femur, medial supracondylar line, and adductor tubercle
Adductor longusO- Between the pubic crest and symphysis; I- Middle one-third of medial lip of the linea aspera of the femur
Adductor brevisO- Outer surface of the inferior ramus of the pubis; I- Pectineal line and proximal part of the medial lip of the linea aspera of the femur
PectineusO- Superior ramus of the pubis; I- Pectineal line of the femur
GracilisO- Inferior ramus of the pubis; I- Medial shaft of the tibia via the pes anserine tendon
memorize

 

Question Answer
PiriformisO- Anterior surface of sacrum; I- Superior border of greater trochanter of the femur
Quadratus femorisO- Lateral part of ischial tuberosity; I- Between greater and lesser trochanters of the femur
Obturator internusO- Inferior surface of obturator membrane of ischium; I- Medial surface of greater trochanter of the femur
Obturator externusO- Pubis and ischium, superior and inferior rami; I- Trochanteric fossa of the femur
Superior gemellusO- Ischial spine; I- Medial surface of greater trochanter of the femur
Inferior gemellusO- Ischial tuberosity; I- Medial surface of the greater trochanter of the femur
memorize

 

Question Answer
PsoasO- Transverse processes, lateral bodies, and corresponding intervertebral disks of T12-L5; I: Lesser trochanter of the femur
IliacusO- Iliac fossa and ala of sacrum; I- Lesser trochanter of the femur
memorize

 

Question Answer
SartoriusO- Anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS); I- Medial shaft of the tibia via the pes anserine tendon
Tensor fasciae lataeO- Anterolateral lip of iliac crest: I- Lateral condyle of the tibia via the iliotibial band
PopliteusO- Lateral femoral condyle; I- Proximal posterior surface of the tibia
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
Flexion of the hipPsoas, Iliacus, Sartorius, Tensor fascia latae, Rectus femoris, Pectineus, Adductor brevis, Adductor longus, Adductor magnus (Anterior fibers), Gluteus medius (anterior fibers), Gluteus minimus
Extension of the hipAdductor magnus (posterior fibers), Gluteus maximus, Gluteus medius (posterior fibers), Biceps femoris (long head), Semimembranosus, Semitendinosus
Abduction of the hipSartorius, Tensor fasciae latae, Piriformis, Gluteus maximus (upper fibers), Gluteus medius, Gluteus minimus, Gemellus superior, Gemellus inferior, Obturator internus
Adductor of the hipPectineus, Adductor brevis, Adductor longus, Gracilis, Adductor magnus, Gluteus maximus (lower fibers)
Internal rotation of the hipTensor fasciae latae, Gluteus medius (anterior fibers), Gluteus minimus, Semimembranosus, Semitendinosus
External rotation of the hipPsoas, Iliacus, Sartorius, Adductor brevis, Gluteus maximus, Gluteus medius (posterior fibers), Piriformis, Gemellus superior, Gemellus inferior, Obturator internus, Obturator externus, Quadratus femoris, Biceps femoris (long head)
Flexion of the kneeSartorius, Gracilis, Biceps femoris, Semimembranosus, Semitendinosus, Plantaris, Popliteus, Gastocnemius
Extension of the kneeRectus femoris, Vastus lateralis, Vastus intermedius, Vastus medialis
Internal rotation of the kneeGracilis, Sartorius, Semimembranosus, Semitendinosus, Popliteus
External rotation of the kneeBiceps femoris
memorize

Section 3

Question Answer
Bones that make up the coxal joint and type of jointilium, ischium, pubis, and femur; ball-and-socket
Pelvis muscles that bridge the spine and hippsoas
Muscles around the sciatic nervepiriformis
Gluteal, hamstrings, quadriceps actions(Gluteal) abduct hip; (Hamstrings) hip extension and knee flexion; (Quadriceps) knee extension
Difference between hamstring and quadriceps muscles(Hamstrings) posterior/knee flexion; (Quadriceps) anterior/knee extension
Msucle that attach to the pes anserinesartorius, gracilis, semitendinosus
Tibiofemoral joint type and actionsmodified hinge joint; flexion/extension and medial/lateral rotation
What forms and is contained in popliteal fossasemimembranosus, biceps femoris, medial head of gastrocnemius, lateral head of gastrocnemius and plantaris; popliteal artery and veinf, tibial nerve, common fibular nerve
What forms and is contained in femoral triangleinguinal ligament, sartorius muscle, medial border of adductor muscle; femoral nerve, femoral artery and vein, femoral canal
Differences between male and female pelvisfemale is broader with wider iliac crest, larger pelvic bowl, and greater distance between ischial tuberosities
Major ligaments of the knee (ACL, PCL, LCL, MCL)anterior cruciate ligament, posterior cruciate ligament, lateral collateral ligament, medial collateral ligament
Genu varum vs genu valgumgenu varum or 'bow-legged' is a physical deformity marked by outward bowing of the lower leg in relation to the thigh giving the appearance of an archer's bow; genu valgrum or 'knock-knees' is a condition in which the knees angle in and touch one another when the legs are straightened
Muscles that insert into tibial tuberosityquadriceps
Differences between piriformis and iliacus
Muscle that unlocks the kneepopliteus
Trochanteric bursareduces friction between the trochanter and the gluteus maximus
Longest muscle of the body (tailor's muscle)sartorius
Muscle associated with iliotibial bandtensor fasciae latae
Deep six external rotatorspiriformis, quadratus femoris, obturator internus, obturator externus, gemellus superior, gemellus inferior
memorize

Section 4

Question Answer
Palpate the major landmarks and muscles that we did in lab
AROM, PROM, RROM of major muscles (the ones we did in lab)
memorize