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Peds boards vitamins

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desaisa's version from 2015-09-29 21:54

Vitamin Names

Question Answer
Vitamin ARetinol
Vitamin ETocopherol
Vitamin KPhylloquinone
B1Thiamine
B2Riboflavin
B3Niacin
B5Pantothenic acid
B6Pyridoxine
B9Folate
B12Cyanocobalamin
Vitamin CAscorbic Acid
Vitamin D2, plantsErgocalciferol
Vitamin D3Cholecalciferol
25 OH Vit DVit D made in liver
1.25 OH Vit D Kidneycalcitriol
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Section 2

Question Answer
xerophthalmiavit A deficiency (dry eyes)
nyctalopiaNight blindness, vit A deficiency
pseudotumor cerebrivit A intoxication
Confusion + (muscle weakness, sensory deficits) + (cardiomegaly, tachycardia)Beri Beri vit B1 deficiency
infant with heart failure, seizures, nystagmus, inc ICPinfantile Beriberi
Stomatitis (angular) + chielitis , anemia, seborrheic dermatitisB2 riboflavin
What treatment in neonates causes B2 deficiency?Phototherapy!!
dermatitis, dementia, diarrheaPellagra, B3 niacin deficiency
Flushed skinvasodilation from B3 niacin EXCESS
peripheral neuropathy, non specific dermatitis, tongue swellingB6 deficiency
Large tongue and macrocytic anemiaFolate
Macrocytic anemia without large tongueB12
Bleeding gums (hemorrhage), poor wound healing, perifollicular rashScurvy Vitamin C
This vitamin can trigger G6PD hemolytic crisisVitamin C
kidney stones (oxalate and cysteine) Vit C excess
neuropathy, muscle weakness and hemolytic anemia(infants)Vit E deficiency
hemorrhagic disease of newbornVit K deficiency
Nephrolithiasis, renal failure, n/v Vit D toxicity (hypercalcemia)
delayed closure of sutures/fontanelle, frontal bossingrickets
bowing of legsrickets
serum Ca and Phos in ricketscan be normal!
what serum levels are high in ricketsAlk Phos always, PTH depends on type
hair loss, rash on face and butt!acrodermatitis enteropathica ZINC deficiency
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