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Pediatrics

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iliapas97's version from 2017-12-19 08:15

Neonatal Conjunctivitis ophthalmia neonatorum

Time after birth Most likely cause Treatment Prophylaxis
Day 1 Chemical Irritation
Day 2 - Day 7 Neisseria gonorrhoeae Ceftriaxone Erythromycin ointment or tetracycline ointment and Silver nitrate solution
Day 8 - Day 21 Chlamydia trichomonas Oral Erythromycin
After Day 21 "3 weeks" Herpes Acyclovir
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Condition and guidelines Best Treatment
Prophylaxis for Neonatal Conjunctivitis ophthalmia neonatorum Erythromycin ointment or tetracycline ointment and Silver nitrate solution
Prophylaxis for Vitamin K–Deficient Bleeding (VKDB) single intramuscular dose of vitamin K
absolute contraindications to breastfeeding HIV and TB
Splenomegaly in newborns Normal finding
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