Pediatric conditions

vitohuxo's version from 2016-02-20 17:10


Question Answer
antibiotic which should be avoided in neonates (under 1 month)ceftriaxone
Palivizumabprophylaxis given for prevention of RSV (respiatory syncytial virus). given infants born before 29 weeks and younger than 12 months with heart or chronic lung disease.
Palivizumab dosingmonthly during RSV season. should not receive more than 5 monthly doses during the RSV season.
Palivizumab injection siteIM injection thigh muscle.
croupviral or bacterial infection. barking cough. treat with dexamethasone and nebulzed racemic epinephrine
only medication approved for bed-wettingdesmopressin. analogue of antidiuretic hormone (ADH)-anti-diuretic. stimulating ADH will decrease nocturnal urine production.
intestinal gassimethicone drops can offer mild benefit-not absorbed so safe. syptoms generally go away 6-8 months old
nasal congestionhumidifier, sitting in bathroom with shower running, cough and cold medicines should not be used under 6 years old. suctioning with saline drops or spray (suction bulbs)
mild pain and feverAPAP. ibuprofen should be avoided in infants under 6 months old due to risk nephrotoxicity.
constipationglycerin suppositories for stat removal. Canada recommends for intermittent prophyalaxis miralax. prunes or pears as fruit or juice can help.
acetaminophen dose10-15mg/kg/dose every 4-6 hours
ibuprofen dose5-10mg/kg/dose every 6-8 hours
measleskoplik spots (white spots inside of cheeks) appear 2-5 days before rash
go urgent care under 3 months temp100.4 rectal
go urgent care 3-6 months temp101 rectal
go urgent care >6 months temp103