PDx II - Final 2

drraythe's version from 2015-08-30 22:36

Ruminant Teeth → Sheep & Goats

Question Answer
I1 erupts when?1-1.5yr
I2 erupts when?1.5-2yr
I3 erupts when?2.5-3yr
I4 erupts when?3.5-4yr
How many I?8
When do premolars erupt?1.5-2yr
M1 erupts when?3mo
M2 erupts when?9-12mo
M3 erupts when?1.5-2yr

Ruminant Teeth → Cattle

Question Answer
Color of temporary teeth vs adults?Smaller & whiter temporary
Birth-1mo teeth look like?2+ temporary incisor teeth present
2 yr teeth look like?Central pair incisors is adult teeth (bigger, not as bright)
2.5yr teeth look like?Permanent 1st intermediates 1 on each side of the pinchers, is cut. Usually fully developed at 3yr (central 2 I in, each side almost in)
3.5yr teeth look like?2nd intermediate/laterals cut. On level w/ 1st intermediates & begin to wear at 4yr
4.5yr teeth look like?Corner teeth replaced. At 5 year full complement of incisors
5-6 yr teeth look like?Perm. Pinchers leveled, both pairs intermediates partially leveled, corner incisors show wear
7-10yr teeth look like?7-8yr pinchers show considerable wear, 8-9 middle show bunch of wear, 10 yrs corner teeth show considerable wear
12 yr teeth look like?Triangle teeth, distinctly separated, progressive wearing to stubs


°°°°MAGICAL FORMULA FOR DRUG CALCULATIONS → (lbs/2.2) x dose / conc

Horse PE

Question Answer
IM injection sites?Cervical neck (prescap, under Nuchal Lig, above spine), Pectorals for small amt of injection, semi-memb & semi-tend. Sometimes triceps. NEVER GLUTEALS bc no drainage
LNs you palpate normally?Submandibular (retropharyngeal only if enlarged)
Venipuncture sites?Jugular vein, Facial sinus (blood collection only), Cephalic vein (can catheterize in some cases
What BCS scale do you use on horses? What is ideal?1-9, 5 is ideal
Areas to palpate/consider for BCS?Along crest of neck, withers, crease/inverted crease down back, tailhead, fatpad behind slope of shoulder, behind point of shoulder, ribs
How do you take weight & weight?Weight tape (around barrel at point of withers)
When lifting the leg, which way do you want to face?Ass to the back
2 ways to lift leg?Ass back, lift by suspensory lig or lean into horse to put off their weight
CN menace2+7
CN palpebral5+7
Swallowing5, 7, 12
How do you label the x-rayMarkers are placed laterally w/ a dorsopalmar/planter view. Markers are placed cranial dorsal in all other views
Where do you start PE on horse?Head
How to know if horse is hydratedShould have slime under lips
Take pulses where?Transverse facial, facial, great metatarsal
Skin tent?Neck pinch
Heart anomaly present in heathy horse...which, why?High vagal tone in well trained horses → dropped beat (2° AV block). To make sure non-patho, just run the horse (then it should go away)
CORE EQUINE VX?EEE, WEE, WNV, tetanus, rabies
CORE RUMI VX?PI3 (Parainfluenza 3), IBR, BVDV, BRSV (Bovine Resp. Syncital Virus), Clostridial 7 way
Small rumi cor vx?Clostridium perfringens C/D, tetanus
Rectal palp of horse?Kidney (caudal pole L kidney), renal-splenic lig, pelvic flexure, the cecum, inguinal ring, uterus, cervix, ovaries
What do you check last in horse?Temp
Upper left GI quad=?Left dorsal colon
Lower left GI quad=?Small intestine & left ventral colon
Upper right GI quad=?Ileocaecal valve
Lower right GI quad=?Caecum, right ventral colon, small intestine
where do you IM bovine?Basically just in the neck
Bovine blood collecting where?Jugular & coccygeal
4 regions foot?Heel, Toe, Wall, Quarter
Order of ligs from cannon bone out?Cannon bone, suspensory ligament, DDFT, SDFT
Most horse lameness localized to?The foot
Limbs most affected in laminitis?Fore
Stance of laminitis?Legs put out farther than normal
If checking joints, begin w/?Most distal
2 ways you need to perform lameness exam?Leg on ground, & flexed
To know if your (+) hoof tester was (+)?Retest should be (+)
Bandage overlap %?50%
Average focal spot film distance?30"

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