PDF 6 Digestive System

skits164's version from 2015-11-16 19:41

Section 1

Question Answer
What does the digestive system do?provides nutrients, water, electrolytes
What is the process where food is physically broken down by chewing and turning? ingestion
What is it called when food is chemically broken down through enzymatic hydrolysisdigestion
What is the process when nutrients are absorbed into the blood stream from the small intestineabsorption
What are parts of the alimentary canalmouth, pharynx, stomach, small and large intestine and esophagus
What are parts of the accessory structuresteeth, salivary glands, gall bladder, liver and pancreas
What are the layers of the alimentary canal (from lumen outward)mucosa, submucosa, muscularis externa and serosa (adventitia)
What are parts of the mucosaepithelium, lamina propina, muscularis mucosa
What is the function of the mucosasecretion, absorption and protection
What is the intrinistic nerve supply calledsubmucosa plexus
What is superficial to the mucosa and contains vessels, nodules and fiberssubmucosa

Section 2

Question Answer
What is the bilayer of the smooth muscle muscularis externa
What is the outermost layer and known as visceral peritoneumserosa
What is the function of serosareduce fritction
What is the function of adventitiaanchors and protects surrounding organs
Where does food enter the digestive tractoral cavity
What compromises the roof of the mouthhard and soft palate
What is the fingerlike projection of the soft palateuvula
What supports the floor of the cavitymylohyoid muscle
What is the membrane that secures the middle of the tongue to the floor of the mouthlingual frenulum
What is the space between the lips, cheeks and teethvestibule
What connects the lips and the gumslabial frenula

Section 3

Question Answer
What are masses of lymphoid tissue located on both sides of the mouth in the backpalatine tonsils
What are the parts of the pharynxnasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx
What are the layers of the pharynxlongitudinal muscle and outer circular constrictor muscle
What controls the passage into the esophagusupper esophageal sphincter
What controls passage into the stomachlower esophageal sphincter
What are the regions of the stomachcardiac region, fundus, body, pyloric region
What controls the opening of the small intestinepyloric sphincter
What gland of the mucosa secret hcl and hydrolytic enzymes which breakdown proteingastric glands
What gland also secrete a viscous mucus that prevents the stomach from digesting itselfmucosal glands
What are the subdivisions of the small intestineduodenum, jejunum, ileum
What are the regions of the large intestineascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon and sigmoid colon
What is the function of large intestineconsolidate and propel fecal to the anus and vitmain B and K
What is the first 2 set of teethdeciduous teeth
What is the dental formula for deciduous teeth2 incisors, 1 canine, 0 premolars, 2 molars
What is the dental formula for permanent teeth2 incisors, 1 canine, 2 premolar, 3 premolars

Section 4

Question Answer
What are parts of the toothcrown, root, neck
What covers the toothenamel
What is under the enameldentin
What is the central portion of tooth and extends into the rootpulp cavity
What enzymes begins the digestion of starchsalivary amylase
What is the function of the liverproduce bile (emulsifies fat)
What is it when bile backs up into the liver and is forced into the blood stream jaundice
What is an inflammation of the liver hepatitis
What is the hardening of the livercirrhosis
What lines the sinusoids of the liver and are phagocytic to remove bacteria and debriskupffer cells
What is the function of the pancreasproduces insulin, and pancreatic juice to neutralize chyme