PD final 3

kelseyfmeyer's version from 2015-04-16 19:15

Ruminant teeth--> sheep and goats

Question Answer
I1 erupts when?1-1.5y
I2 erupts when?1.5-2y
I3 erupts when?2.5-3y
I4 erupts when?3.5-4y
how many I?8
when do premolars erupt?1.5-2y
M1 erupts when?3m
M2 erupts when?9-12m
M3 erupts when?1.5-2y

ruminant teeth--> cattle

Question Answer
color of temporary teeth vs adults?smaller and whiter temporary
birth-1mo teeth look like?2+ temporary incisor teeth present
2 yr teeth look like?central pair incisors is adult teeth (bigger, not as bright)
2.5yr teeth look liek?permanent first intermediates one on each side of the pinchers, is cut. uually fully developed at 3yr (so, central 2 I in, each side almost in)
3.5yr teeth look like? second intermediate/laterals cut. on level with first intermediates and begin to wear at 4yr
4.5yr teeth look like?corner teeth replaced. at 5 year full compliment of incisors
5-6 yr teeth look like?perm. pinchers leveled, both pairs intermediates partially leveled, corner incisors show wear
7-10yr teeth lok like?7-8yr pinchers show considerable wear, 8-9 middle show bucnh of wear, 10 yrs corner teeth show considerable wear
12 yr teeeth look like?triangle teeth, distinctly separated, progressive wearing to stubs


****MAGICAL FORMULA FOR DRUG CALCULATIONS ---> (lbs/2.2) x dose / conc

Horse PE

Question Answer
IM injection sitescervical neck (prescap, under nuchal lig, above spine), pectorals for small amount of injection, semi-memb and semi-tend. sometimes triceps. NEVER GLUTEALS bc no drainage
LNs you palpate normally?submandibular (retropharyngeal only if enlarged)
venipuncture sites?Jugular vein, Facial sinus (blood collection only), Cephalic vein (can catheterize in some cases
what BCS scale do you use on horseS? what is ideal?1-9, 5 is ideal
areas to palpate/consider for BCS?along crest of neck, withers, crease/inverted crease down back, tailhead, fatpad behind slope of shoulder, behind point of shoulder,ribs
how do you take weight and weight?weight tape (around barrel at point of witthers)
when lifting the leg, which way do you want to face?ass to the back
two ways to lift leg?ass back, lift by suspensory lig or lean into horse to put off their weight
CN menace2+7
CN palpebral5+7
swallowing5,7,12 (glossalpharyngeal is swallow is 9)
how do you label the xrayMarkers are placed laterally with a dorsopalmar/planter view. Markers are placed cranial dorsal in all other views
where do you start PE on horse?head
how to know if horse is hydratedshould have slime under lips
take pulses where?transverse facial, facial, great metatarsal
skin tent?neck pinch
heart anomaly present in heathy horse..which, why?high vagal tone in well trained horses--> dropped beat (2* AV block). to make sure non-patho, just run the horse (then it should go away)
CORE EQUINE VXEEE, WEE, WNV, tetanus, rabies
CORE RUMI VXPI3 (parainfluenza 3), IBR, BVDV, BRSV (bovine resp. syncital virus), clostridial 7 way
small rumi cor vxclostridium perfringens C/D, tetanus
rectal palp of horsekidney(caudal pole L kidney), renal-splenic lig, pelvic flexure, the cecum, inguinal ring, uterus, cervix, ovaries
what do you check last in horse?temp
Upper left GI quad=left dorsal colon
Lower left GI quad=small intestine & left ventral colon
Upper right GI quad=Ileocaecal valve
Lower right GI quad=caecum, right ventral colon, small intestine
where do you IM bovine?basically just in the neck
BOvine blood collecting where?jugular and coccygeal
4 regions footheel, toe, wall, quarter
order of ligs from cannon bone outCannon bone, suspensory ligament, DDFT, SDFT
most horse lameness localized to..foot
limbs most affected in laminitis?fore
stance of laminitis?legs put out farther than normal
if checking joints, begin with?most distal
two ways you need to perform lameness examleg on ground, and flexed
to know if your positive hoof tester was positive-->?retest should be pos
bandage overlap50%
average focal spot film distance30"

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